Common Name(s): Sheoak
Scientific Name: Allocasuarina spp. and Casuarina spp.
Tree Size: 50-130 ft (15-40 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 47 lbs/ft3 (750 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .59, .75
Janka Hardness: 2,190 lbf (9,730 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 15,230 lbf/in2 (105.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,549,000 lbf/in2 (10.68 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 6,820 lbf/in2 (47.0 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 10.8%, Volumetric: 14.8%, T/R Ratio: 2.8
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is pink to reddish brown, sometimes with darker blackish streaks. Somewhat well defined sapwood is a light yellowish brown. Very large medullary rays produce a lace-like pattern on quartersawn surfaces.
Grain/Texture: Grain is straight to slightly interlocked. Uniform medium texture with a moderate amount of natural luster.
Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; exclusively solitary; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, banded; narrow rays not visible without lens, spacing close, aggregate rays are frequently very wide
Rot Resistance: Varies depending on species, many are rated as non-durable, though some are moderately durable or durable. Most species are susceptible to insect attack.
Workability: Denser species can be difficult to work, and overall working properties are considered subpar when compared to domestic hardwoods such as oak (Quercus spp.) Finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Sheoak. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Not commonly imported and only infrequently available. Most commonly seen as flooring planks and turning blanks. Figured pieces with lace patterning are much more expensive.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Flooring, cabinetry, tool handles, and other turned objects.
Comments: Not closely related to true oak (Quercus genus), the etymology of the common name Sheoak is ambiguous. Both oaks and sheoaks share a similar ray-flecked appearance on quartersawn surfaces.
Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample and turned photo of this wood species.