Parana Pine (Araucaria angustifolia)

Parana Pine (Araucaria angustifolia)

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Common Name(s): Parana Pine

Scientific Name: Araucaria angustifolia

Distribution: Southern Brazil

Tree Size: 65-115 ft (20-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .42, .54

Janka Hardness: 810 lbf (3,610 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 13,390 lbf/in2 (92.3 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,648,000 lbf/in2 (11.37 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 7,570 lbf/in2 (52.2 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 11.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.9

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium brown, commonly with red streaks. Sapwood is  yellow.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a uniform medium texture and low natural luster.

Endgrain: Resin canals absent; earlywood to latewood transition gradual, color contrast low; tracheid diameter medium-large.

Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable; poor insect resistance.

Workability: Easy to work with hand or machine tools. However, Parana Pine has a tendency to warp and distort during drying, and compression wood may be present in the wood, which cause boards to further distort after ripping or resawing. Glues and finishes well. 

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, wood in the Araucaria genus has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Extensively logged in the past, Parana Pine is very seldom available. Expect prices to be much higher than comparable domestic softwoods.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. It is listed as critically endangered due to a population reduction of over 80% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation.

Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, flooring, and interior millwork.

Comments: So named for the Brazilian state of Parana, where the wood has been heavily exploited in the past.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample of this wood species.

Parana Pine (Araucaria angustifolia)

Parana Pine (sanded)

Parana Pine (sealed)

Parana Pine (sealed)

Parana Pine (endgrain)

Parana Pine (endgrain)

Parana Pine (endgrain 10x)

Parana Pine (endgrain 10x)


  1. Alex June 6, 2018 at 12:33 pm - Reply

    Me and a number of other woodwork students were given this type of pine to use for making a stand, I made a small knife holder, and I’m surprised it seems quite rare being on the IUCN red list and rarely available in the quantities that the department seemed to have just lying about. The wood itself finished very well with Danish oil and a polish with wire wool. the single red streak running through all our pieces and the twisting grain gives them a nice character and style. The wood does seem to have a characteristic odour however, one that I am surprised to find that I don’t like much. But it’s a great wood, sad to see its population decrease so rapidly.

  2. saj November 23, 2016 at 7:56 am - Reply

    at what temperature (k) was the young modulus result achieved at ??

  3. J. Brinks November 3, 2015 at 5:24 am - Reply

    I know exactly what you mean Stephen Hopkins. I have a few walls
    and som other elements in my home with parana pine. Its from the 1960`s. Everytime i wash it, it smells disgusting. Kind of like you described, like volmit.

  4. Stephen Hopkins July 31, 2014 at 9:45 am - Reply

    ive come into quite alot of parana pine recently. i feel that it has quite a strong odor. i can only describe it as a vomit smell or very smelly cheese.

    • jayknowsit November 29, 2014 at 1:31 pm - Reply

      probably rotting then, it does say that it has a very poor resistance to rotting and insects.

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