Common Name(s): Parana Pine
Scientific Name: Araucaria angustifolia
Distribution: Southern Brazil
Tree Size: 65-115 ft (20-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .42, .54
Janka Hardness: 810 lbf (3,610 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 13,390 lbf/in2 (92.3 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,648,000 lbf/in2 (11.37 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 7,570 lbf/in2 (52.2 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 11.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.9
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium brown, commonly with red streaks. Sapwood is yellow.
Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a uniform medium texture and low natural luster.
Endgrain: Resin canals absent; earlywood to latewood transition gradual, color contrast low; tracheid diameter medium-large.
Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable; poor insect resistance.
Workability: Easy to work with hand or machine tools. However, Parana Pine has a tendency to warp and distort during drying, and compression wood may be present in the wood, which cause boards to further distort after ripping or resawing. Glues and finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, wood in the Araucaria genus has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Extensively logged in the past, Parana Pine is very seldom available. Expect prices to be much higher than comparable domestic softwoods.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. It is listed as critically endangered due to a population reduction of over 80% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation.
Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, flooring, and interior millwork.
Comments: So named for the Brazilian state of Parana, where the wood has been heavily exploited in the past.
- Hoop Pine (Araucaria cunninghamii)
- Monkey Puzzle (Araucaria araucana)
- Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample of this wood species.