Common Name(s): Mango, Hawaiian mango
Scientific Name: Mangifera indica
Distribution: Tropical Asia and Oceania
Tree Size: 80-100 ft (24-30 m) tall,
less than 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 42.1 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 0.52, 0.68
Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,780 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 12,830 lbf/in2 (88.5 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,672,000 lbf/in2 (11.53 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 7,240 lbf/in2 (49.9 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 5.5%,
Volumetric: 8.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.5
Color/Appearance: Because of the spalting that is commonly present, the wood can be a kaleidoscope of colors. Under normal circumstances, heartwood is a golden brown, while other colors such as yellow and streaks of pink and/or black can also occur. Paler sapwood is not always clearly defined. Curly or mottled grain patterns are also common.
Grain/Texture: Grain can be straight or interlocked. With a medium to coarse texture and good natural luster.
Rot Resistance: Mango is rated anywhere from moderately durable to perishable. However, Mango is also susceptible to both fungal and insect attack.
Workability: If interlocked or wild grain is present, tearout is common when machining. Reaction wood may also be present, which can shift as it is being sawed, potentially causing binding on the blade. Has a fairly high silica content, and will readily dull cutting edges. Glues and finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, mango has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Steady availability from specialty sources, usually from Hawaii, though Asian sources are also common. Mango is sold in board and slab form, as well as craft and instrument blanks. Prices for unfigured boards are in the moderate range for an imported lumber, and it is usually less expensive than koa, another popular Hawaiian hardwood. Figured boards with curly figure, spalting, and/or vivid coloration are much more expensive.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is reported by the IUCN as being data deficient. This is due to the widespread cultivation of the tree, making it hard to distinguish population levels of naturally-occurring trees versus naturalized trees.
Common Uses: Furniture, ukuleles, veneer, plywood, turned objects, and flooring.
Comments: Known much more widely for its fruit, mango trees also yield beautiful and valuable lumber. The wood is considered very eco-friendly, as some mango plantations harvest the trees for lumber after they have completed their useful fruit-bearing lifespan.
Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood.
Porosity: diffuse porous
Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples
Vessels: large to very large, very few ; reddish-brown deposits occasionally present
Parenchyma: vasicentric, lozenge, confluent, and banded (marginal)
Rays: narrow width; close spacing
Lookalikes/Substitutes: Mango can sometimes get confused with rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) because both woods have large, diffuse open pores and both are seen on imported finished furniture and kitchen/household implements. However, the two can be separated based on the parenchyma: rubberwood has much more extensive parenchyma bands forming a reticulate pattern with the rays, as well as diffuse-in-aggregates apotracheal parenchyma.
Notes: Heartwood portions give a streaked green fluorescent response under blacklight.