Mango (Mangifera indica)
Mango (Mangifera indica)

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Common Name(s): Mango, Hawaiian Mango

Scientific Name: Mangifera indica

Distribution: Tropical Asia and Oceania

Tree Size: 80-100 ft (24-30 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .52, .68

Janka Hardness: 1,070 lbf (4,780 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 12,830 lbf/in2 (88.5 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,672,000 lbf/in2 (11.53 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 7,240 lbf/in2 (49.9 MPa)

Shrinkage:Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 5.5%, Volumetric: 8.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.5

Color/Appearance: Because of the spalting that is commonly present, the wood can be a kaleidoscope of colors. Under normal circumstances, heartwood is a golden brown, while other colors such as yellow and streaks of pink and/or black can also occur. Paler sapwood is not always clearly defined. Curly or mottled grain patterns are also common.

Grain/Texture: Grain can be straight or interlocked. With a medium to coarse texture and good natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large to very large pores in no specific arrangement; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; tyloses and heartwood deposits occasionally present; growth rings may be distinct due to the presence of marginal parenchyma; narrow rays barely visible without lens, spacing normal to fairly close; parenchyma may be banded (marginal), paratracheal parenchyma vasicentric, aliform (lozenge), and confluent.

Rot Resistance: Mango is rated anywhere from moderately durable to perishable. However, Mango is also susceptible to both fungal and insect attack.

Workability: If interlocked or wild grain is present, tearout is common when machining. Reaction wood may also be present, which can shift as it is being sawed, potentially causing binding on the blade. Has a fairly high silica content, and will readily dull cutting edges. Glues and finishes well.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Mango has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Steady availability from specialty sources, usually from Hawaii, though Asian sources are also common. Mango is sold in board and slab form, as well as craft and instrument blanks. Prices for unfigured boards are in the moderate range for an imported lumber, and it is usually less expensive than Koa, another popular Hawaiian hardwood. Figured boards with curly figure, spalting, and/or vivid coloration are much more expensive.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is reported by the IUCN as being data deficient. It was formerly listed on the Red List as vulnerable.

Common Uses: Furniture, ukuleles, veneer, plywood, turned objects, and flooring.

Comments: Known much more widely for its fruit, Mango trees also yield beautiful and valuable lumber. The wood is considered very eco-friendly, as some Mango plantations harvest the trees for lumber after they have completed their useful fruit-bearing lifespan.

Related Species:

None available.

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures: As you can see below, Mango gets considerably darker when a finish has been applied. The piece below is an example of a curly, spalted piece of Mango.

Mango (sanded)
Mango (sanded)
Mango (sealed)
Mango (sealed)
Mango (endgrain 10x)
Mango (endgrain 10x)
Mango (bookmatched)
Mango (bookmatched, with Purpleheart and Padauk)
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Kiley

Just got an unfinished dresser made of mango wood and it is very light/almost white. What should I finish it with or seal it with to give it that natural variation mango wood look?

Olivia

can you buy anything that will make oak wood look like mango wood?

Lyn Backshall

How long does mango wood take to dry out suitable to make chips for smoking foods?

John Sommerville

What is the suitable moisture content for a mango slab table top to be placed , varnished out doors please

Mike

the answer is no MC is suitable for any species of mango outdoors – despite the specs above, mango is not at all durable outdoors (unless painted with several coats of alkyd enamel), and once wet, mango is highly susceptible to termite, borer infections and blue stain. For interior use mango should be dried down to 8% or less to ensure there is no food for Lyctidae beetles (powder post).

Linda

Ive read mango wood has to be chemically treated as does rubber wood due to high susceptibility to bugs.Can the chemicals leak out and does it have an odor ? Is it save indoors?

Chuck Eckman

I mad a bed and nightstands from mango and have been sleeping with them for 15 years. It has no odor; most mango is kiln dried and this kills the bugs.

Lisa

I bought a mango wood hate and after a few months the of use, I had yellow dust all over the carpet around the gate and saw it coming out of the wood. I bought another gate.

Jan

Mango needs to be treated against bugs.

Louise

I was cleaning around my mango wood end table and found piles of saw dust underneath it. I don’t see an obvious infestation, but obviously there were some pests that came along in the package. Any thoughts what it could be and how I can make sure that they haven’t spread to other areas of my house (I don’t see any evidence that in the surround area.

NB

I recently bought a mango wood coffee table and I am looking to buy some more furniture. I want to mix the wood and I was wondering if you can recommend what wood would be good to mix with it.

AKT

Is sun drying of mango wood for three month in subtropical condition (diameter 15-30 inches and length 40-45 inches) is accurate method. Or any other method to dry mango wood pieces of this dimension in large quantity.

Sanjay Singh ( M.S. Wood Science & Technology)

No, air drying of wood is not sufficient.
You need forced drying of wood ie kiln dried.

Nature cannot extract moisture below FSP level I.e. approx 25%.
You can feel dryness in top but underneath it is not.
Thanks

Scott Murray

We air-dry in an A/C room set to dry with a fan blowing. 2″ thick boards (9″x22″) dry to about 10-12% according to our digital moisture content reader. This after a few weeks, and they started at about 30%.

Ari

I have 3 x 20 x 100 cm manggo wood, already air dried and now average moisture content is 18% on top and 23% on bottom side. I’d like to start to use my conventional direct fire kiln dry chamber, it only has a firebox and pipe with blower to flow the heat from the firebox to the inside of chamber. With only temperature sensor and no humidity sensor. It also has only 2 standard fan, 1 fan to circulate the air inside and the other one to make air out when temperature gets too hot. Would you please share… Read more »

Jason Manchester

i recently purchased a 2″x 39″x 79″ kiln dried slab of mango to build an epoxy river dining room table , is there a way I can get the wood to gray in tone without stain? i saw a sample of mango and it grayed on its own and looked awesome!

Jan

You can use a vinegar and steel wool solution, or leave it out in the sun for a while.

Gloria CAMPA

I just bought an unfinished mango wood dining table and have concerns with possible staining. Can you tell me how you will care for yours?

Nancy

My mango wood table is lighter than I’d like. Can I stain or use minwax to achieve a darker look. If so any directions would be helpful.

G Joseph Thaddeus

what is the uses of 3” dia mango poles of 7 feet length , which is obtained by trimming the over grown tress. Can you suggest the uses

Diana counceller

I just purchased a mango dinning.g table and chairs. I would like to protect the table top with glass. Would this work,since I understand the wood needs to be polished with oil occasionally.

Steve Hanken

Out of six original dinning room tall chairs and two replacements all made of Mango, six failed beyond repair from simple stress at the joints of the seat and the legs. All of this happened within three years of purchase of the original set. Not a happy camper over this. Will look for old furniture before I ever purchase new made of mango.

Walter Wogee

I make chairs and other furniture’s a hobby business. I am sure the chairs failed because of poor leg to seat joints. All of my chairs have the Sam Maloof dado leg to seat joint which is the strongest joint one can use. I do not know what you paid for your chairs but quality chairs with strong joints will cost more than what you get in your normal furniture store or mass produced products we have available today. I have made 5 mango rockers and one armless dining room chair and never had a problem wth any of them.… Read more »

Catherine Parsons

Can you paint over mango wood furniture after it has had colour rubbed in? Want to paint with white satin.

Nia Carter

Is mango wood suitable for use as a cutting board – for food?

Harry

Hi Nia, yes it is. You can season the board with several coats of vegetable oil to make it easier to clean. I have severa mango chopping boards from Scumble Goosie!

Harry

Patrick LK

I live in the Florida Keys and recently had to cut down a Mango tree on my property that unfortunately was growing above a drainage line. I saved the main trunk and would like to dry and season the wood but other than beginning by stripping off all the bark have no idea how to proceed. Any suggestions?

Paul van Driel

Hi Patrick, your biggest problem is to keep termites and bugs away from your trunk. So, keep the trunk well of the ground and allow air to flow around it. Termites and bugs come as long as the wood is wet ( cellulose smell) so try to keep it under a roof or in a barn. Check it so now and then for termites and bugs. You can let the trunk dry for years that way if you have the time and patience for it. It can, however, build up tensions in the trunk which could be tricky when re-sawing.… Read more »

Patrick LK

Hello Paul, thanks very much for your response to my question re Mango wood. I’m much obliged for your willingness to share your knowledge and expertise. I will proceed with your recommernded method and while I’m at it mention that I also have a nice section of the trunk of a Mangrove tree which has been drying since 2003. I debarked it several days after it was cut and it’s been inside since then so should be more than ready to work with. After Hurricane Wilma in 2005 I had to take out a sour orange tree that died and… Read more »

Scott

Paul, I just bought mango slabs. I will cut them into guitar backs and sides, which are about .18″ thick. Do I need to let the mango dry for 2 years first, or can I slice it and then let the slices dry? What steps would I need to take with the slices? Thanks in advance…

Eric Cholis

I recently got a mango wood desk, and was wondering if it was durable enough to hold a c-clamp dual monitor stand. It would likely be holding about 30 pounds; the desk is about 1 1/2 to 2 inches thick.
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Paul van Driel

No problem.

James Dougherty

To Lynn. I am not a professional wood worker but do work with wood a lot. Generally, if there is a varnish, especially if it is a thick outdoor varnish, I would first use a a brush on stripper. Wear chemical resistant gloves or at least dish washer gloves (new, no holes). You don’t want to get it on your skin. Have a bucket of water beside you in case you do. Wear eye protection. Then use, or skip the stripper and start with 80 grit until you get to the natural color, then go to 120 or 150 then… Read more »

Lynn Williams-Ratnam

My mango furniture is too dark. Can I sand it and stain light oak to lighten it?

Lynn Williams-Ratnam

Crikey, build furniture. Am not that skilled, but changed my well made pine bedroom suite look like liked oak. As you say, a of of elbow grease, but successful. Maybe I will hire a sander. Can you recommend a product/oil/stain? Thanks for advice.

Lynn Williams-Ratnam

Limed oak.

matt

mango wood, true mango wood is light colored, never dark, ever.

anthony

That is not true. Old growth Mango can be very dark, with highly figured grain.

Clint Lefcourt

Anyone know what kinda wood this is?comment image

Andrés Boza

Mango wood is highly water-resistant and as such it’s good for outdoor wood projects.

Mango Wood Benefit

This is an interesting read. Recent study shows that we can use mango wood for furniture, its a hardwood. Though its a hardwood it is considered one of the softest hardwood. Given the fact that it is sustainable as well. To know more about mango wood its features and uses, visit https://thebasicwoodworking.com/what-is-mango-wood-features-and-uses/

MangoWood

Mango wood is durable and can last for years and years. If you want to know more about mango wood furniture and it’s use you can visit https://unwind.com/blog/design-your-ekornes-stressless-furniture-online/

Ellen

Is this wood one that can be used with food? Such as a salad bowl.

Andrés Boza

The hard and dense mango wood is perfect for making kitchen accessories like chopping boards, serving trays, bowls, salad servers, etc.

Tracy

Is this wood hard enough to work well for book shelves holding lots of books? I’m looking at an expensive bookcase with mango shelves and I’m hoping they will not sag like the shelves I currently have. Is there a janka hardness number i should be looking for?

Karoli

how long does it take to air dry

Jeff

Does anybody know how long it takes to dry 4/4 Mango or Koa in a Vacuume Kiln

Rajneesh Tyagi

It will take 6-7 days.

Regards
Rajneesh