Common Name(s): Austrian Pine, European Black Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus nigra
Distribution: Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia Minor
Tree Size: 65-115 ft (20-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 30 lbs/ft3 (475 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .39, .48
Janka Hardness: 660 lbf (2,920 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 9,340 lbf/in2 (64.4 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,568,000 lbf/in2 (10.81 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 5,570 lbf/in2 (38.4 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.1%, Tangential: 7.3%, Volumetric: 11.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.8
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, wide sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white.
Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a medium, even texture.
Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large.
Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay resistance.
Workability: Austrian Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well.
Odor: Austrian Pine has a mild, resinous odor when being worked.
Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Austrian Pine is commonly harvested for construction lumber and pulpwood. Expect prices to be moderate within its natural growing range.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.
Common Uses: Paper (pulpwood), boxes/crates, and construction lumber.
Comments: Austrian Pine has at least two recognized subspecies, as well as a number of varieties. Recently, the species has been afflicted by the fungal disease known as red band needle blight, causing a major decline in the species in the United Kingdom.
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