Red Pine

Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)

View More Images Below

Common Name(s): Red Pine, Norway Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus resinosa

Distribution: Northeastern North America

Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .41, .55

Janka Hardness: 560 lbf (2,490 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,630,000 lbf/in2 (11.24 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 6,070 lbf/in2 (41.9 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 11.3%, T/R Ratio: 1.9

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a medium, even texture and a somewhat oily feel.

Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large.

Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay resistance. Red Pine is readily treated with preservatives and can thereafter be used in exterior applications such as posts or utility poles.

Workability: Red Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well, though excess resin can sometimes cause problems with its paint-holding ability.

Odor: Red Pine has a distinct, resinous odor when being worked.

Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Red Pine is sometimes mixed with various species of spruce, pine, and fir and is stamped with the lumber abbreviation “SPF.” In this form, Red Pine should be widely available as construction lumber for a modest price.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Uses: Utility poles, posts, railroad ties, paper (pulpwood), and construction lumber.

Comments: So called because of the tree’s reddish-brown bark. Red Pine is the state tree of Minnesota.

The alternate common name of “Norway Pine” is somewhat mystifying, as the tree did not originate from Norway, and there’s no clear link with Norway. Some believe the name comes from early American explorers who confused the tree with Norway Spruce (Picea abies).

Related Species:

Related Articles:


Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
Red Pine (sanded)

Red Pine (sealed)
Red Pine (sealed)

Red Pine (endgrain)
Red Pine (endgrain)

Red Pine (endgrain 10x)
Red Pine (endgrain 10x)
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Andy Anonymous

Slight correction for the “Norway Pine” term! The term came to use after norwegian immigrants likened it to native pines in Norway, likely referring to the closely related Scotch Pine (Pinus Sylvestris)


Do you know this for certain? I don’t have a source either, but I was taught that the name came when the big lumber companies left New England and moved into the Midwest (Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota). There the lumbermen discovered the same species they had been cutting near the town of Norway, Maine.

Patti Waisbrot

Newly installed pine ceiling streaking reddish? Cause?


That’s the heartwood. It’s not a defect.

Pat russell

It says use red pine for post in the ground ? With treatment? Huh!!!
Any redish colored pine may be (like douglus fir) which is very hard. For flooring we cut fat timbers end grain and glued down.


Hi, I am confused in reading the above. You list red pine with a janka rating of 560. But when I first looked up red pine on a janka chart it shows as 1630 (see link to chart but I am sure you already have it So now I found your site. What lead me here was an ad for yellow heart pine claiming it was the hardest of all the pines at 860 or so. When I emailed the vendor and presented what I found he told me that the red pine listed on janka was either South… Read more »


im no expert, but these pictures match the super hard pine 2x4s in my garage. i salvaged about 8 of them off a crate, and another 2×6 of the exact same stuff off another shipping container (now wish i taken it all). This stuff is incredibly hard. Hardest pine i’ve seen by far. Would make wonderful and beautiful floors. I personally really like it


If it’s very hard you might have some yellow pine.