Common Name(s): Indian Laurel
Scientific Name: Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. tomentosa)
Distribution: Southern Asia (primarily India and Myanmar)
Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 54 lbs/ft3 (855 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .73, .86
Janka Hardness: 2,340 lbf (10,390 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 14,710 lbf/in2 (101.4 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,806,000 lbf/in2 (12.46 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 8,220 lbf/in2 (56.7 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 13.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.5
Color/Appearance: Varies from light brown to dark brown with darker, nearly black streaks. Sapwood is a pale pinkish color, clearly demarcated from the heartwood.
Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly interlocked or irregular. With a medium to coarse uniform texture and low natural luster.
Endgrain: No data available.
Rot Resistance: Rated as moderately durable; poor insect resistance.
Workability: Generally easy to work, though sections with interlocked or irregular grain are more problematic. Turns and finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Indian Laurel has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Most commonly available as decorative veneer. Expect prices to be moderate for an imported hardwood.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, turned objects, and other small specialty items.
Comments: No data available.
- Idigbo (Terminalia ivorensis)
- Indian Silver Greywood (Terminalia bialata)
- Limba (Terminalia superba)
- Nargusta (Terminalia amazonia)
Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the veneer sample of this wood species.