Brazilian Tulipwood

Tulipwood (Dalbergia decipularis)
Tulipwood (Dalbergia decipularis)

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Common Name(s): Tulipwood

Scientific Name: Dalbergia decipularis (also Dalbergia frutescens)

Distribution: Northeastern Brazil

Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall, less than 1 ft (.3 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 60 lbs/ft3 (970 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .88, .97

Janka Hardness: 2,500 lbf (11,120 N)

Modulus of Rupture: No data available

Elastic Modulus: No data available

Crushing Strength: No data available

Shrinkage: Reported to be stable in use, with shrinkage rates likely similar to other rosewoods.

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is streaked with yellows, reds, oranges, and pinks. Color and figure can be highly variegated.

Grain/Texture: Pores are open and medium-sized. Grain is usually straight, with a fine texture.

Endgrain: Semi-ring-porous or ring-porous; very large earlywood pores grading down to medium latewood pores, sometimes arranged radially, very few to few; solitary and in radial multiples of 2-3; yellow and reddish heartwood deposits present; narrow rays not visible without lens, spacing fairly close; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, vasicentric, unilateral, winged, and banded (marginal).

Rot Resistance: Reported as having a low decay resistance, although it is resistant to insect attack.

Workability: Tends to be difficult to work due to its high density; also has a blunting effect on cutters. Can be difficult to glue do to an abundance of natural oils and high density. Turns very well and takes a high polish.

Odor: Has a mild, fragrant odor when being worked.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, rosewood in the Dalbergia genus, (such as Tulipwood), has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually most common reactions simply include eye, skin, and respiratory irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Likely to be very expensive, and seldom available as boards. Tulipwood is most often seen as smaller turning stock, with its cost being on par with other scarce exotics in the Dalbergia genus.

Sustainability: Although Brazilian Tulipwood is not evaluated on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, it is listed on CITES appendix II under the genus-wide restriction on all Dalbergia species—which also includes finished products made of the wood. 

Common Uses: Veneer, fine furniture, inlay, marquetry, musical instruments (percussion), and small turned objects.

Comments: Not to be confused with American Tulipwood, (more commonly referred to as Tulip Poplar or Yellow Poplar), Brazilian Tulipwood is considered a true rosewood in the Dalbergia genus.

Tulipwood is a stunningly beautiful hardwood which is in short supply. The tree itself is only found in a narrow geographical area, and it’s small enough to be considered a shrub: typically yielding very small and narrow boards. Because of these limitations, Tulipwood is generally reserved for very small specialty wood items and accent pieces.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the turned photo of this wood species.

Tulipwood (sanded)
Tulipwood (sanded)
Tulipwood (sealed)
Tulipwood (sealed)
Tulipwood (endgrain)
Tulipwood (endgrain)
Tulipwood (endgrain 10x)
Tulipwood (endgrain 10x)
Tulipwood (turned)
Tulipwood (turned)
 

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Alextoan duongBhuth JOLOKIAGuido Masoeroejmeier Recent comment authors
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Alex
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Alex

Has anyone else experienced this wood exploding while drilling? I was drilling a pen blank from tulip wood and one part made a popping sound then split and the other started smoking then less than a second later exploding making a loud bang and sending one half of the blank 2 meters from the drill. Drilled many different tropical woods with the same drill that day and none of them done that. I expect this is due to the high volume of oils in my piece vaporising and combusting due to an overheat. How can I prevent this from happening?

toan duong
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toan duong

1 more

toan duong
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toan duong

more pic

toan duong
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toan duong

last pic

toan duong
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toan duong

next pic, i could only upload 1 each time

toan duong
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toan duong

i think this is tulipwood (the peradon gloucester is tulipwood) so can any one confirm. first photo is the gloucester the next 2 are my cue

Bhuth JOLOKIA
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Bhuth JOLOKIA

Dalbergia Decipulares, only’s 4 references all registered for over 20 years, would be a very high risk trying to find

Guido Masoero
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Guido Masoero

Ciotola in palissandro rosa fatta in Italia

grace mizzi
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grace mizzi

does tulip wood shrink much?