Common Name(s): Balsam Poplar
Scientific Name: Populus balsamifera
Distribution: Canada and northern United States
Tree Size: 80-100 ft (25-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1.0-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 23 lbs/ft3 (370 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .37
Janka Hardness: 300 lbf (1,330 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 6,800 lbf/in2 (46.9 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,100,000 lbf/in2 (7.59 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 4,020 lbf/in2 (27.7 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.0%, Tangential: 7.1%, Volumetric: 10.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.4
Color/Appearance: No data available.
Grain/Texture: No data available.
Endgrain: No data available.
Rot Resistance: No data available.
Workability: No data available.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Balsam Poplar. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: No data available.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: No data available.
Comments: Gum from this tree is used as the source of “balm of gilead” compound used in skin care products.
- White Poplar (Populus alba)
- Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
- Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata)
- Black Poplar (Populus nigra)
- European Aspen (Populus tremula)
- Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
- Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)
Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to John Nephew for providing the wood sample for this species.