Abura (Mitragyna ciliata)

Abura (Mitragyna ciliata)

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Common Name(s): Abura, Bahia

Scientific Name: Mitragyna spp. (sometimes listed as Hallea or Fleroya genera)

Distribution: West and Central Africa

Tree Size: 100-115 ft (30-35 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (560 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .45, .56

Janka Hardness: 820 lbf (3,670 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 11,760 lbf/in2 (81.1 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,386,000 lbf/in2 (9.56 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 6,220 lbf/in2 (42.9 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.3%, Tangential: 9.2%, Volumetric: 13.3%, T/R Ratio: 2.1

Color/Appearance: Has a uniform yellow to pinkish-brown color, with sapwood indistinct from heartwood.

Grain/Texture: Has a fine texture and a straight or slightly interlocked grain.

Rot Resistance: Non-durable; poor resistance to decay or insect attack. Good acid resistance.

Workability: Takes glue and finishes well. Has a slight blunting effect on cutting edges and tools due to a moderate silica content (.25%).

Odor: Has an unpleasant odor when freshly cut.

Allergies/Toxicity: Has been known to cause allergic reactions including: nausea, eye irritation, giddiness, and vomiting. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Seldom available in North America. Price should be moderate when compared to other imported lumber.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. It is listed as vulnerable (under the Hallea genus) due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation.

Common Uses: A general-purpose lumber used for furniture, interior millwork, plywood, and flooring.

Comments: Sometimes sold under the name Bahia, the handful of African species from the Mitragyna genus that are sold interchangeably with one another include: M. ciliata, M. ledermannii, and M. stipulosa. These species have been formerly placed in the Hallea genus (now considered a synonym), and Fleroya.

Related Species:

None Available.

Related Articles:

Endgrain: No data available.

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample (veneer) of this wood species.

Abura (sanded)

Abura (sanded)

Abura (sealed)

Abura (sealed)

One Comment

  1. Trevor June 4, 2018 at 3:23 pm - Reply

    Anyone know what kind of wood this is?

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