> Hardwoods > Moraceae > Brosimum > guianense
Snakewood (Brosimum guianense)

Common Name(s): Snakewood, letterwood, amourette

Scientific Name: Brosimum guianense

Distribution: Coastal regions of northeast South America

Tree Size: 65-80 ft (20-25 m) tall,

                     6-12 in (15-30 cm) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 75.7 lbs/ft3 (1,210 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 0.96, 1.21

Janka Hardness: 3,800 lbf (16,900 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 28,270 lbf/in2 (195 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 3,364,000 lbf/in2 (23.2 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 17,260 lbf/in2 (119 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.7%, Tangential: 6%,

                          Volumetric: 10.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.3

Color/Appearance: Snakewood is so called for its characteristic snakeskin patterns. Wood is typically a reddish brown, with contrasting darker brown or black patches. Color tends to darken and homogenize with age and exposure; see the article on Preventing Color Changes in Exotic Woods for more information.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a fine even texture. High natural luster.

Rot Resistance: Snakewood is reported to be very durable and also resistant to insect attack, though it’s seldom used in  exterior applications where durability would be an issue.

Workability: Being closely related to bloodwood, snakewood shares many of the same working properties; namely, the wood is extremely dense, and has a pronounced blunting effect on cutters. Snakewood also tends to be quite brittle and can splinter easily while being worked. Despite the difficulties of working it, snakewood turns well and finishes to a high polish.

Odor: Has a mild scent when being worked that is similar to bloodwood.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, snakewood has been reported as a skin and respiratory irritant. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: As a rare and small tree, prices for surfaced and milled snakewood that display the characteristic snakeskin pattern are perhaps the most expensive of any exotic lumber worldwide in terms of per boardfoot cost. Less figured sections of the wood are usually sold for much lower prices (under the name amourette). Snakewood is also commonly sold in full and half log forms, which typically include significant pith checking and areas of both figured and non-figured wood, which can result in high wastage.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Uses: Inlay, veneer, violin bows, tool handles, and other small turned or specialty objects.

Comments: One look at a highly figured piece of Brosimum guianense and it’s easy to see why it’s called snakewood: the dramatic specks and splotches bear a close resemblance to the skin of a snake. Such figuring can be so pronounced that it has been compared to the writing of hieroglyphics, and is sometimes called letterwood.

In addition to its colorful figure, snakewood is also among the densest and hardest of all wood species worldwide. Among woodworkers, it vies with lignum vitae as the heaviest commercial wood in the world.

Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. The second sample is a two-piece glued-up sample illustrating high figure. A special thanks to Salem Barker for providing the sculpture photo of this wood species.

Snakewood (sculpture)
Snakewood (turned)
Snakewood, tineo, and curly maple (turned)

Identification: See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features.

Snakewood (endgrain 10x)
Snakewood (endgrain 1x)

Porosity: diffuse porous

Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples

Vessels: medium to large, few; tyloses and yellowish brown deposits common

Parenchyma: winged and confluent

Rays: narrow; normal spacing

Lookalikes/Substitutes: Figured snakewood is rarely confused with other woods as its figure is so unique. Pieces lacking figure, or composed of sapwood could be confused for other very dense hardwoods.

Notes: None.

Related Content:

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
26 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Grizz

I am using snakewood since over 10 years in building classical guitars, mainly for fretboards and some linings. Also knive handles, food chopsticks. My next use will be a walking cane. It is almost impossible to bent, but i managed to do it on 1 of my guitars. Never try that again. Glues well with 2 comp epoxy.

Grizz

Sorry, I meant bindings not linings.

Christian Ademius-Kjellén

Would this make a good 2 handed axe handle?
What is important for that particular case is straight grains or grains that runs parallel to the axe blade (for maximum strength)

Thomas

I think you will find it very hard to source a long enough piece of snakewood for an axe handle (Also, it would cost many hundreds of dollars even if you could find someone selling such a large piece of snakewood.) If you want a visually interesting axe handle, try going with exotic hardwoods such as purpleheart or figured bloodwood

sven

a turned pen

pastakas 001.jpg
Donny

Would it be completely unreasonable to try to acquire and use this for some revolver grips?

Donny

Much obliged!
…Now I just need to fine someone to make it!

Carolyn

Would snakewood make a good walking cane?

Santiago

If you got over 500 dollars, just looked at the pricing and a 2″x2″x12″ was around $170. Plus with it being so hard I would think its fragile for such a use. It would probably be better for smaller things like knife grips, but IDK.

John

Hello Carolyn, Aren’t you the smart one! I just purchased an antique snake wood walking stick made by Brigg and sons in the 19th century. Gold cap and beautiful feel!

james

according to Constantines “Know Your Woods”, the “aristocrat of all canes” were made of snakewood….

Richard Warden

It makes beautiful pool cues. Very very nice and pricey

leslie dus

can this snakewood be used for flooring?

Richard

Only if you have a lot of money.

Hans Siffert

Love that beautiful wood and asked already my luthier Steve Wishnevsky to make me another bass like shown on the pic. Highly numbered (1500-2000) sanded and oiled with trueoil it becomes a sensational eye-catcher. …but ´cause of its density and hardness it ain‘t easy to work (drill, mill, etc.) – but the result is worth it. Enjoy!

Adele

Wow that’s like a harry potter wand awsome xx well done it’s great just like slytherins wand so kool x

John

Salazar Slytherin’s wand was made from snakewood w/a basilisk horn core.

Matthew Fasciano

I turned a magic wand made of Snakewood. I found it wonderful to work with. Though it turns more like a really dense plastic, and less like wood.

Irene

Hi are you located in Melbourne Victoria tira

Zeven

How does snake wood fair as a axe handle and how it’s rot resistance fair against other very durable woods like black iron wood

Rick

This species (from South America) is far too expensive, and far to brittle, to use for such a mundane purpose. It has become widely used for for violin bows, because Pernambuco (“Brazilwood” heart) is now highly restricted (It’s been on the red list for many years.) Pernambuco has superior properties for sound; it weighs less; and it’s also more bendable – a warped Snakewood bow is far more likely to crack if it needs to be restored to “proper shape” at a later time. But snakewood is pretty much the next best natural wood for that purpose. (As far as… Read more »

Basil de Visser

Hi Rick, Some of the things you say are correct and others not completely: Since 1988 I make bows for the baroque violin family and can say that, up to the big era of the French modern bow makers (Tourte), snakewood was the preferred wood. Because of it’s superior sound properties! Only after 1800, when the bows got longer, lighter wood (Pernambuco) became the preferred wood for bows. B.T.W. only a very small percentage (something like 1% !) of Pernambuco is considered for making high quality “modern” bows. Pernambuco warps more often than snakewood. Snakewood is much more stable and… Read more »

Jennifer C

We made these Snakewood magna grips recently for a special customer. Love the tighter figure in this piece that was harvested at least 20 years ago. The wood is difficult to work but well worth their beauty.

Elias Watts

what instrument is that and where do i buy one.