Common Name(s): Lilac
Scientific Name: Syringa spp. (Syringa vulgaris)
Distribution: Native to Europe and Asia; cultivated in many temperate areas worldwide
Tree Size: 6-25 ft (2-8 m) tall, 4-8 in (10-20 cm) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 59 lbs/ft3 (945 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .74, .95
Janka Hardness: 2,350 lbf (10,440 N)*
*Estimated hardness based on specific gravity
Modulus of Rupture: No data available
Elastic Modulus: No data available
Crushing Strength: No data available
Shrinkage: Tangential shrinkage is in excess of 10%; reported to have a high level of shrinkage
Color/Appearance: Colors can be variable depending on species. Sometimes seen with reddish or lavender color streaks throughout the heartwood.
Grain/Texture: Slightly interlocked grain, with a very fine texture. Good natural luster.
Endgrain: Semi-ring-porous; small to medium earlywood pores and small latewood pores, very numerous; pores can sometimes be exclusively solitary, or a mix of solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; growth rings usually distinct; narrow rays not visible without lens, spacing fairly close; parenchyma absent.
Rot Resistance: No official reports available.
Workability: Reported to be an excellent turning wood. Tends to distort and develop end-checks during drying.
Odor: Lilac has a distinct, floral scent when being worked.
Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Lilac. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Due to its small size (typically only a shrub or bush), Lilac is not considered a woodworking lumber, and is never commercially harvested. Small pieces may be occasionally available from through hobbyist and other small-scale channels.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Occasionally used for small turned projects such as pens and bowls, as well as carved items.