Indian Laurel (Terminalia elliptica)

Indian Laurel (Terminalia elliptica)

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Common Name(s): Indian Laurel

Scientific Name: Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. tomentosa)

Distribution: Southern Asia (primarily India and Myanmar)

Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 54 lbs/ft3 (855 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .73, .86

Janka Hardness: 2,340 lbf (10,390 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 14,710 lbf/in2 (101.4 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,806,000 lbf/in2 (12.46 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 8,220 lbf/in2 (56.7 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 13.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.5

Color/Appearance: Varies from light brown to dark brown with darker, nearly black streaks. Sapwood is a pale pinkish color, clearly demarcated from the heartwood. 

Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly interlocked or irregular. With a medium to coarse uniform texture and low natural luster.

Endgrain: No data available.

Rot Resistance: Rated as moderately durable; poor insect resistance.

Workability: Generally easy to work, though sections with interlocked or irregular grain are more problematic. Turns and finishes well.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Indian Laurel has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Most commonly available as decorative veneer. Expect prices to be moderate for an imported hardwood.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, turned objects, and other small specialty items.

Comments: No data available.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

None available.

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the veneer sample of this wood species.

Indian Laurel (Terminalia elliptica)

Indian Laurel (sanded)

Indian Laurel (sealed)

Indian Laurel (sealed)