Common Name(s): Quina
Scientific Name: Myroxylon peruiferum
Distribution: Southern Mexico and Central and South America
Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 58 lbs/ft3 (930 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .77, .93
Janka Hardness: 2,200 lbf (9,790 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 22,770 lbf/in2 (157.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 2,430,000 lbf/in2 (16.76 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 12,250 lbf/in2 (84.5 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 6.2%, Volumetric: 10.0%, T/R Ratio: 1.6
Color/Appearance: There is a fair degree of color variation between boards of Quina, ranging from a lighter golden brown to a darker purplish red or burgundy. The color tends to turn more red/purple with age. Quartersawn sections can show a striped or ribbon pattern.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually interlocked, with a medium to fine texture, and open, medium-sized pores.
Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few to moderately numerous; commonly in radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown heartwood deposits common; narrow rays not visible without lens, spacing normal to fairly close; parenchyma vasicentric, lozenge, and confluent.
Rot Resistance: Rated as very durable in regards to decay resistance, with mixed reports on susceptibility to insect attack.
Workability: Quina has a noticeable blunting effect on cutting edges. Working characteristics are rated as fair to poor, on account of both its density and its interlocked grain. Staining or gluing can sometimes be problematic, though the wood finishes well.
Odor: Quina has a very distinctive spicy scent when being worked. Trees from the Myroxylon genus are used to make Balsam of Peru, an ingredient used in perfumes.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Quina has been reported to cause skin and respiratory irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Flooring, furniture, interior trim, heavy construction, and turned objects.
Comments: Quina is the second of only two species in the Myroxylon genus. Along with Santos Mahogany (Myroxylon balsamum), Quina comprises a special genus of trees commonly referred to as called Balsamo which are used in the production of a substance called Balsam of Peru, used as a fragrance in perfumes.