Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)

Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)

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Common Name(s): Mulberry

Scientific Name: Morus spp. (Morus alba, M. nigra, M. rubra, etc.)

Distribution: Red Mulberry is native to Eastern North America, other species are found worldwide

Tree Size: 30-50 ft (10-15 m) tall, 1-1.5 ft (.3-.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 43 lbs/ft3 (690 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .69

Janka Hardness: 1,680 lbf (7,470 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 11,680 lbf/in2 (80.6 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,352,000 lbf/in2 (9.32 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 6,990 lbf/in2 (48.2 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 3.3%, Tangential: 6.6%, Volumetric: 10.3%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a golden brown, darkening to a medium/reddish brown with age. Sapwood is a pale yellowish white. Overall appearance is very similar to Osage Orange.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a uniform medium texture. Good natural luster.

Endgrain: Ring-porous; large earlywood pores 2-5 rows wide, small latewood pores in clusters and tangential bands; tyloses and other gum deposits common; parenchyma vasicentric, aliform, and confluent; medium to wide rays, spacing normal.

Rot Resistance: Rated as very durable, with good insect resistance and weathering properties.

Workability: Responds well to both hand and machine tools. Turns, glues, and finishes well.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Mulberry. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Due to its small size and scattered distribution, Mulberry is seldom if ever harvested commercially for lumber. Smaller pieces are sometimes available locally throughout the tree’s natural range. Expect prices to be high for a domestic hardwood.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Fence posts, furniture, and turned objects.

Comments: Mulberry species are perhaps better known for their edible fruit. The leaves of White Mulberry (Morus alba) are also the primary food source for the silkworm (Bombyx mori), which is used to produce silk.

The wood itself looks very similar to Osage Orange, though Mulberry tends to be significantly lighter. Black Locust also bears a close resemblance to Mulberry, and it’s weight is only slightly higher than Mulberry’s. However, the two may be easily separated with a blacklight, as Mulberry is non-fluorescent, while Black Locust is highly fluorescent under a blacklight (see video below).

Related Species:

None available.

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Mike Leigher for providing the wood sample, and Steve Earis for providing the turned photo of this wood species.

Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)

Red Mulberry (sanded)

Red Mulberry (sealed)

Red Mulberry (sealed)

Red Mulberry (endgrain)

Red Mulberry (endgrain)

Red Mulberry (endgrain 10x)

Red Mulberry (endgrain 10x)

Red Mulberry (turned)

Mulberry (turned)



  1. john May 14, 2018 at 12:07 pm - Reply

    I am thinking about buying South American Mulberry flooring. Does Mulberry seasonally shrink a lot?

  2. JocelyneS. April 4, 2018 at 4:16 pm - Reply

    Encyclopedia of Life info on Red Mulberry doesn’t jive with your description. Link is below. They have a Comment by John Hilty of Illinois Wildflowers, and he says, “The wood of Red Mulberry is relatively light, soft, and weak; it is not important commercially. However, it has been used in the past to make fence posts, farm implements, furniture, interior finish, and caskets.”

    • S87WOOD November 17, 2018 at 1:47 pm - Reply

      How does that not jive with what’s written here? It’s light, soft and weak but resistant to rot.

  3. Johannes Ambjørnsen March 21, 2018 at 4:11 am - Reply

    Is it possible to fume mulberry wood with ammonia? Does the wood have enough natural tannins for the ammonia to react with? And if so what colour change might one expect?

  4. Nyandra Cook March 20, 2017 at 6:32 pm - Reply

    I live in Paragould Arkansas and we have mulberry trees every where. A neighbor of mine had 1 cut and I am curious how to dry it for my pyrographics. And Should I cut it into slabs b4 i dry it?

    • ejmeier March 21, 2017 at 4:04 pm - Reply
      • Nyandra Cook March 21, 2017 at 4:47 pm - Reply

        Mine still has the bark, and I want to keep it that way I can’t do wax on bark cause it doesn’t want to come back off. Can’t I wrap it tight in a plastic on the side. Mine will have to air dry cause I don’t have a kiln.

    • Earl April 7, 2018 at 3:19 pm - Reply

      I would stack them and place spacers between the rows. Now the rule of thumb is let air dry 1YEAR PER INCH OF THICKNESS of the boards. Hope this helps you.

  5. AlanT July 11, 2015 at 12:12 pm - Reply

    I have a mulberry tree cut from the base to 73 inches long for a walking stick and have the bark peeled. How long should I let it dry before carving designs into it.

    • AlanT July 11, 2015 at 12:13 pm - Reply

      Cut June 11th so it was really easy to peel.

      • James Lowther May 14, 2017 at 12:45 am - Reply

        Your post is dated two years ago, so if you are still waiting you should be fine.

    • AlanT July 11, 2015 at 12:14 pm - Reply

      The stick is 2″ at one end and 1.5″ on the other end.

  6. ejmeier December 12, 2014 at 1:42 pm - Reply

    You could try the online forum, Wood Barter:

  7. Aaron Deal October 19, 2013 at 8:47 pm - Reply

    This wood is mentioned in the bible as “wood that will not rot”.

    • Joseph clemons June 26, 2014 at 5:07 pm - Reply

      good to know

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