Common Name(s): Itin, Caranda
Scientific Name: Prosopis kuntzei
Distribution: Gran Chaco region of South America
Tree Size: 20-35 ft (6-11 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 80 lbs/ft3 (1,275 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .98, 1.28
Janka Hardness: 3,200 lbf (14,220 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 22,300 lbf/in2 (153.8 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 2,520,000 lbf/in2 (17.38 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 12,700 lbf/in2 (87.6 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 5.5%, Tangential: 6.8%, Volumetric: 14.0%, T/R Ratio: 1.2
Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a dark brown, sometimes with purplish patches, sometimes nearly black. Color tends to darken with age. Sapwood is a light yellow color.
Grain/Texture: Itin has a fine to medium texture and open pores, with a slight natural luster. Grain can be straight, wavy, or interlocked.
Rot Resistance: Itin is considered durable to very durable regarding decay resistance.
Odor: Itin is said to have a fragrant odor while being worked.
Pricing/Availability: Itin only tends to be occasionally available: in small sizes, or as large irregular slabs; it may be sold under the generic term “mesquite.” Larger boards free from defects are uncommon. Prices for Itin are likely to be in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.
Common Uses: Flooring, firewood, turned objects, cabinetry, furniture, carvings, and other small specialty wood items.
Comments: Itin stands as the densest, hardest, and strongest of the mesquite species found in the Prosopis genus. Some pieces can be quite darkly colored and dense, and Itin has been suggested as an ebony substitute.
- African Mesquite (Prosopis africana)
- Algarrobo Blanco (Prosopis alba)
- Black Mesquite (Prosopis nigra)
- Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa)
- Nandubay (Prosopis affinis)
- Prosopis juliflora (Prosopis juliflora)