Wych Elm (U. glabra pictured)

Dutch Elm (U. glabra pictured)

View More Images Below

Common Name(s): Dutch Elm

Scientific Name: Ulmus × hollandica
(Dutch Elm is a European elm hybrid, coming from U. glabra x U. minor and/or a variety of other species)

Distribution: Europe

Tree Size: 80-115 ft (25-35 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 36 lbs/ft3 (575 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .58

Janka Hardness: 850 lbf (3,790 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 9,960 lbf/in2 (68.7 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,091,000 lbf/in2 (7.52 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 4,640 lbf/in2 (32.0 MPa)

Shrinkage: No data available
(Most likely very similar to other species in the Ulmus genus)

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Paler sapwood is usually well defined.

Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.

Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease.

Workability: Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. Poor dimensional stability. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well.

Odor: Elm usually has a strong, unpleasant smell when green; though once dried has very little odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced within its natural habitat in Europe, though availability from mature trees has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm disease.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking.

Comments: Elm trees are commonly infected with Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease spread by elm bark beetles. D.E.D. has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures: There are currently no pictures of this exact wood species, but a similar species within the Ulmus genus is being substituted (U. glabra). If you’d like to contribute a wood sample of this specific species to be scanned, (even small pieces of veneer can be sent), please use the contact form.

Wych Elm (sanded)

Wych Elm (sanded)

Wych Elm (sealed)

Wych Elm (sealed)

Wych Elm (endgrain)

Wych Elm (endgrain)

Wych Elm (turned)

Wych Elm (turned)