Dalmata ( Cynometra spruceana)
Dalmata (Cynometra spruceana)

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Common Name(s): Dalmata

Scientific Name: Cynometra spruceana (commonly mislabeled as Swartzia arborescens)

Distribution: South America

Tree Size: No data available

Average Dried Weight: 64 lbs/ft3 (1,030 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .81, 1.03

Janka Hardness: 2,620 lbf (11,640 N)*

*Estimated hardness based on specific gravity

Modulus of Rupture: No data available

Elastic Modulus: No data available

Crushing Strength: No data available

Shrinkage: No data available

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is medium reddish brown, with dark brown to black streaks and veining.

Grain/Texture: Grain can be spiraled or interlocked. Medium to fine texture.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, very few; deposits common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded; narrow rays, spacing fairly close.

Rot Resistance: No data available.

Workability: Reported to be difficult to work, though it turns well.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Dalmata. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Available in limited quantities as short boards and turning blanks. Prices are moderate for an imported hardwood.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Turned objects, boxes, knife handles, and other small specialty wood items.

Comments: No data available.

Related Species:

None available.

Related Articles:

None available.


Dalmata (Cynometra spruceana)
Dalmata (sanded)

Dalmata (sealed)
Dalmata (sealed)

Dalmata (endgrain)
Dalmata (endgrain)

Dalmata (endgrain 10x)
Dalmata (endgrain 10x)
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Joseph Bernero

This is a Medicine Cabinet I made for my half-bath to follow the sloped ceiling of the room.


This wood is also sold under the name “Dalmatian”. I’m currently working it to be used as a guitar fingerboard. It has a funny fuzzy texture, kind of like basswood, that I noticed after running it through a jointer. It has beautiful black streaks. If I could pick the name I’d call it blazewood.