Bocote (Cordia spp.)

Bocote (Cordia spp.)

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Common Name(s): Bocote

Scientific Name: Cordia spp.

Distribution: Mexico and Central/South America

Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 53 lbs/ft3 (855 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .68, .85

Janka Hardness: 2,010 lbf (8,950 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 16,590 lbf/in2 (114.4 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,767,000 lbf/in2 (12.19 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 8,610 lbf/in2 (59.4 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 11.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.9

Color/Appearance: Has a yellowish brown body with dramatic dark brown to almost black stripes. Color tends to darken with age. Also, the grain patterning can be quite striking, particularly on flatsawn areas. It’s not uncommon to see many “eyes” and other figuring in Bocote: though unlike knots, they do not seem to present any special challenges in machining.

Grain/Texture: Grain on most decorative pieces is usually figured in some way, and also tends to be interlocked, though pieces with plain and straight grain can also be found. Medium uniform texture and a naturally oily/waxy feel. Good natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few; tyloses and other mineral deposits (yellow/brown) common; parenchyma varies slightly between species, but is generally banded (marginal), as well as vasicentric, aliform (lozenge), and confluent; medium to wide rays, spacing normal to wide.

Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated from moderately durable to very durable depending on the species; it is susceptible to insect attack.

Workability: Some species may contain silica that will dull cutters. On the whole, Bocote is easily worked and machined with good results. Although Bocote has a fairly high amount of natural oils present, gluing is usually problem-free. (See the article on gluing oily tropical hardwoods for more information.) Bocote also turns and finishes well.

Odor: Bocote has a moderate scent when being worked that resembles dill pickles.

Allergies/Toxicity: Bocote has been shown to cause cross reactions once an allergic sensitivity to certain woods has been developed. Woods that can cause initial sensitivity include:  Pau Ferro, Macassar Ebony, Cocobolo, and most Rosewoods. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Likely to be somewhat expensive, close to other mid-to-high priced exotic hardwoods.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Fine furniture, cabinetry, flooring, veneer, boatbuilding, musical instruments, gunstocks, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items.

Comments: With its striking, zebra-like contrasts, and bold figuring, Bocote can be a very eye-catching wood. Bookmatching two consecutive panels can create symmetrical “faces” and other patterns in the wood, (though a relatively thin-kerf blade should be used to minimize the shift of the pattern). Bocote is generally used for its aesthetic attributes, rather than its mechanical ones—and although Bocote is by no means weak, its strength-to-weight ratio is below average. (It is roughly as stiff and strong as Hard Maple, even though Bocote is considerably heavier.)

Related Species:

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the turned photo of this wood species.

Bocote (sanded)

Bocote (sanded)

Bocote (sealed)

Bocote (sealed)

Bocote (endgrain)

Bocote (endgrain)

Bocote (endgrain 10x)

Bocote (endgrain 10x)

Bocote (bookmatched)

Bocote (bookmatched)

Bocote (turned)

Bocote (turned)

16 Comments

  1. Noppadon August 29, 2018 at 11:59 pm - Reply

    This wood is “Bocote” Common Name(s): Bocote
    Scientific Name: Cordia spp. I would like to know In scientific name “spp.” what does it mean?
    Thank you.

  2. Ed Davidson January 20, 2018 at 6:43 pm - Reply

    Bocote is one of my favorite hardwoods.

  3. John January 18, 2018 at 4:32 am - Reply

    I’ve yet to see a piece of Bocote that I could say was plain or ugly, or, just plain ugly.
    It’s all beautiful.

  4. Edwin November 8, 2016 at 8:20 am - Reply

    Just bought a Chris Reeve Sebenza 21 knife with bocote inlays. It’s gorgeous!

  5. Half Yankee Workshop May 5, 2016 at 3:29 pm - Reply

    This species made some of my most beautiful taphandles . The “eyes” in the wood is one of a kind! The Waterlox finish worked wonderfully. More at https://www.halfyankeeworkshop.com

    • Phil June 23, 2016 at 10:59 am - Reply

      You said you use Waterlox to finish the wood. My attempts to finish the wood has ended in the finish remaining tacky and will not cure. Any thoughts?

  6. Sran Skokauckas September 16, 2013 at 7:31 pm - Reply

    Made a cribbage board out of white oak. Used Bacote for the bottom as
    well as end trim on the game board. Stained the oak golden oak and it
    looks really great. Great grain swirls and eyes in the Bacote.

  7. John Douglas September 16, 2013 at 6:55 pm - Reply

    My favorite wood species… when I can afford it. Use it on occasion in my woodworking business… Little Lumber Company, LLC.

  8. Sran Skokauckas July 14, 2013 at 7:01 pm - Reply

    Made a cribbage board out of white oak. Used Bacote for the bottom as well as end trim on the game board. Stained the oak golden oak and it looks really great. Great grain swirls and eyes in the Bacote.

  9. John Douglas April 1, 2013 at 8:49 am - Reply

    project piece

  10. John Douglas April 1, 2013 at 8:48 am - Reply

    My favorite wood species… when I can afford it. Use it on occasion in my woodworking business… Little Lumber Company, LLC.

  11. salvador leon March 28, 2013 at 9:04 pm - Reply

    just finished turning a pen and a pencil, easy wood to work with. beatiful grain patterns. LOVE IT!!

  12. Trevor Bone January 13, 2013 at 2:14 pm - Reply

    I took some fine chips of bocote and boiled them in hot water, smells alot like pickles.

  13. mark June 20, 2011 at 10:23 am - Reply

    Bocote makes a beautiful pistol grip, I have a set on order and can’t wait to see the finished project.

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