Bocote (Cordia spp.)
Bocote (Cordia spp.)

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Common Name(s): Bocote

Scientific Name: Cordia spp.

Distribution: Mexico and Central/South America

Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 53 lbs/ft3 (855 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .68, .85

Janka Hardness: 2,010 lbf (8,950 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 16,590 lbf/in2 (114.4 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,767,000 lbf/in2 (12.19 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 8,610 lbf/in2 (59.4 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 7.4%, Volumetric: 11.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.9

Color/Appearance: Has a yellowish brown body with dramatic dark brown to almost black stripes. Color tends to darken with age. Also, the grain patterning can be quite striking, particularly on flatsawn areas. It’s not uncommon to see many “eyes” and other figuring in Bocote: though unlike knots, they do not seem to present any special challenges in machining.

Grain/Texture: Grain on most decorative pieces is usually figured in some way, and also tends to be interlocked, though pieces with plain and straight grain can also be found. Medium uniform texture and a naturally oily/waxy feel. Good natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few; tyloses and other mineral deposits (yellow/brown) common; parenchyma varies slightly between species, but is generally banded (marginal), as well as vasicentric, aliform (lozenge), and confluent; medium to wide rays, spacing normal to wide.

Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated from moderately durable to very durable depending on the species; it is susceptible to insect attack.

Workability: Some species may contain silica that will dull cutters. On the whole, Bocote is easily worked and machined with good results. Although Bocote has a fairly high amount of natural oils present, gluing is usually problem-free. (See the article on gluing oily tropical hardwoods for more information.) Bocote also turns and finishes well.

Odor: Bocote has a moderate scent when being worked that resembles dill pickles.

Allergies/Toxicity: Bocote has been shown to cause cross reactions once an allergic sensitivity to certain woods has been developed. Woods that can cause initial sensitivity include:  Pau Ferro, Macassar Ebony, Cocobolo, and most Rosewoods. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Likely to be somewhat expensive, close to other mid-to-high priced exotic hardwoods.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Fine furniture, cabinetry, flooring, veneer, boatbuilding, musical instruments, gunstocks, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items.

Comments: With its striking, zebra-like contrasts, and bold figuring, Bocote can be a very eye-catching wood. Bookmatching two consecutive panels can create symmetrical “faces” and other patterns in the wood, (though a relatively thin-kerf blade should be used to minimize the shift of the pattern). Bocote is generally used for its aesthetic attributes, rather than its mechanical ones—and although Bocote is by no means weak, its strength-to-weight ratio is below average. (It is roughly as stiff and strong as Hard Maple, even though Bocote is considerably heavier.)

Related Species:

Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the turned photo of this wood species.

Bocote (sanded)
Bocote (sanded)

Bocote (sealed)
Bocote (sealed)

Bocote (endgrain)
Bocote (endgrain)

Bocote (endgrain 10x)
Bocote (endgrain 10x)

Bocote (bookmatched)
Bocote (bookmatched)

Bocote (turned)
Bocote (turned)
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Jacob

Just used a small block of this wood to make some 1911 pistol grips. The grain looked so nice and turned out so good looking I left it sanded at 200 grit and finished it without any checkering. I’ll probably make all my high end gun stocks out of this now since it’s easy to work with and still being a strong wood.

LBS

I used Bicote for knife scales and the blade turned out amazing. Very striking figure and wonderful contrast between the grain. Easy to shape and doesn’t crack easily when drilled.

Fran DuNord

I just picked up some Bocote to rehandle a chef’s knife. I also grabbed a Bocote 1/8 x 3 x 24 to make a matching saya (sheath). Hoping it turns out as good as yours. Best, Fran

Niran

What’s suitable distance for planting?

I would like to be plant for commercial.

– Niran Yodying from Thailand
rungto@gmail.com

Alan

Would this be a good wood for a cutting board? Thanks

Josh

It is a hardwood, so yes. However make sure the stock is well cured as it is a very oily wood and if green it can resist gluing.

Juan Villarreal

I originally worked on this wood without checking this data base and I made a beautiful mechanical pencil out of it but I found it weird how when turning the wood I smelled a strong pickle smell funny to see that is common. Hear is the pencil next to a cocobolo pen a blood wood pen and a leopard wood pen

Connor Schmidt

Hi Eric,

Your WOOD! book proudly occupies the prime real estate of my coffee table. It’s easily my favorite coffee table book. Thanks!

Anyway, I’ve got a few 2-3″ spheres of what I’m fairly certain is Bocote. However, they immediately sink when placed in water. Does that mean they are not Bocote?

Michael Ireland

Those look a lot like Ipe to me, especially the close-up of the end-grain. Ipe usually has a density greater than 1 (so heavier than water). The Ipe that I’ve used doesn’t quite have as striking contrast between light and dark, though.

Noppadon

This wood is “Bocote” Common Name(s): Bocote
Scientific Name: Cordia spp. I would like to know In scientific name “spp.” what does it mean?
Thank you.

jeri

Just means there are more than one species in the genus. Cordia is the genus.

Ed Davidson

Bocote is one of my favorite hardwoods.

John

I’ve yet to see a piece of Bocote that I could say was plain or ugly, or, just plain ugly.
It’s all beautiful.

Edwin

Just bought a Chris Reeve Sebenza 21 knife with bocote inlays. It’s gorgeous!

Alex

Very lucky to have one of those, being in the uk it would be pointless for me getting one but I want one.

Half Yankee Workshop

This species made some of my most beautiful taphandles . The “eyes” in the wood is one of a kind! The Waterlox finish worked wonderfully. More at https://www.halfyankeeworkshop.com

Phil

You said you use Waterlox to finish the wood. My attempts to finish the wood has ended in the finish remaining tacky and will not cure. Any thoughts?

Larry Ward

Have you ever received a reply ?

Mark

I used Waterlox and did not have any problems. It does take about 4 days to cure completely.

Sran Skokauckas

Made a cribbage board out of white oak. Used Bacote for the bottom as
well as end trim on the game board. Stained the oak golden oak and it
looks really great. Great grain swirls and eyes in the Bacote.

John Douglas

My favorite wood species… when I can afford it. Use it on occasion in my woodworking business… Little Lumber Company, LLC.

Sran Skokauckas

Made a cribbage board out of white oak. Used Bacote for the bottom as well as end trim on the game board. Stained the oak golden oak and it looks really great. Great grain swirls and eyes in the Bacote.

John Douglas

project piece

John Douglas

My favorite wood species… when I can afford it. Use it on occasion in my woodworking business… Little Lumber Company, LLC.

salvador leon

just finished turning a pen and a pencil, easy wood to work with. beatiful grain patterns. LOVE IT!!

Trevor Bone

I took some fine chips of bocote and boiled them in hot water, smells alot like pickles.

mark

Bocote makes a beautiful pistol grip, I have a set on order and can’t wait to see the finished project.