Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)

Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)

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Common Name(s): Persimmon, White Ebony

Scientific Name: Diospyros virginiana

Distribution: Eastern United States

Tree Size: 60-80 ft (18-24 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 52 lbs/ft3 (835 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .74, .83

Janka Hardness: 2,300 lbf (10,230 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 17,700 lbf/in2 (122.1 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 2,010,000 lbf/in2 (13.86 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 9,170 lbf/in2 (63.2 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 7.9%, Tangential: 11.2%, Volumetric: 19.1%, T/R Ratio: 1.4

Color/Appearance: Very wide sapwood is a white to pale yellowish-brown. Color tends to darken with age. Very thin heartwood (usually less than 1″ wide) is dark brown to black, similar to ebony. (Persimmon is in the same genus—Diospyros—as true ebonies.)

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a uniform medium-coarse texture.

Endgrain: Semi-ring-porous; medium-large earlywood pores sometimes form broken rows, latewood pores medium-small; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; growth rings usually distinct; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, vasicentric, and banded (reticulate and marginal).

Rot Resistance: Being that nearly all of Persimmon is sapwood, it is rated as perishable and is susceptible to insect attack.

Workability: Overall workability is so-so. Persimmon generally responds well to hand tools, but can be difficult to plane and blunts cutting edges faster than expected. Turns and finishes well.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Persimmon has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Not commonly available in lumber form, Persimmon may occasionally be seen in smaller blocks or turning blanks. Expect prices to be high for a domestic species.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Turned objects, golf club heads, veneer, and other small specialty wood items.

Comments: Persimmon trees are known much more commonly for their fruit, and not their wood. Persimmon is technically related to true ebonies (Diospyros genus), and is therefore sometimes referred to as “white ebony.”

Persimmon wood is heavy, hard, and strong for a temperate species. It has excellent shock and wear resistance, but has a very high shrinkage rate, and may experience significant movement in service.

Related Species:

Scans/Pictures:

Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)

Persimmon (sanded)

Persimmon (sealed)

Persimmon (sealed)

Persimmon (endgrain)

Persimmon (endgrain)

Persimmon (endgrain 10x)

Persimmon (endgrain 10x)

Persimmon and Ebony bowl

Persimmon and Ebony bowl

  • Harold Dickert

    Where can I get some quartered or rift-sawn Persimmon? I am a guitar builder and have been all over the web. I’ve still not found any usable for Acoustic guitars. I need at least 34″ by 8.5″ and 5/4.

    Harold
    http://www.dickert.ca
    hd@dickert.ca

  • Damien

    Hi there Harold,
    Though i’m afraid i can’t help you with a specific source, if i were you i’d look into Japanese timber suppliers internationally as persimmon has been used a great deal in high level joinery and cabinet making for centuries. And as a result of relying on old trees, you can usually get timber with massive areas of black heartwood compared to what you could get domestically.
    It’ll be called ‘kurogaki or kurokaki’ ?? with the highest quality and most desirable boards being highly figured and overall similar to black and white ebony.

    You can expect prices to be medium to high, ranging from about $30 to $60 a board foot for what you’re looking for if you only want fairly standard timber with almost half half sapwood and heartwood.
    IF however, you’d like to buy highly figured stuff with what i believe is called ‘peacock’ grain, like this http://www.nihon-kogeikai.com/GIF/5/5-10114-000-043-00504.gif
    you can expect to pay somewhere around $100-$350 a foot at the moment

    Personally if i were you, i’d also keep an eye out online for antique taisho and showa era tansu furniture, as sometimes chests come up for sale with solid persimmon drawer fronts about 1′ thick by 5 feet long and on average about 10′ wide.

    Hope this helps

    Damien

  • Robert Eason

    RC Tonewoods offers sets, fretboards, and bridge blanks from time to time.

  • ejmeier

    That would be a pretty huge piece of Persimmon, especially for quartersawn material!

    You might try contacting Gary at NC Wood, he seems to process a lot of Persimmon:
    http://www.ncwood.biz/Persimmon_c10.htm