Common Name(s): Garapa, grapia
Scientific Name: Apuleia leiocarpa
Distribution: South America
Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall,
3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft3 (820 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 0.65, 0.82
Janka Hardness: 1,650 lbf (7,350 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 18,530 lbf/in2 (127.8 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 2,257,000 lbf/in2 (15.57 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 9,030 lbf/in2 (62.3 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.2%, Tangential: 7.5%,
Volumetric: 11.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.8
Color/Appearance: Garapa has a golden to yellowish brown color, which darkens with age. Sapwood is also yellowish in color and not clearly distinct from the heartwood. The wood is fairly chatoyant, and appears to shift from dark to light coloring in different lighting angles.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, but can also be interlocked. Uniform medium texture with a moderate amount of natural luster.
Rot Resistance: Rated as durable, though vulnerable to termites and other insect attacks.
Workability: Garapa is fairly easy to work, despite its density. Glues and finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, garapa has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Garapa is not commonly available in lumber form, though it is sometimes used for flooring and decking. The price should be moderate for an imported hardwood.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Flooring, decking, dock, and boatbuilding.
Comments: Garapa is one of the few commercial hardwoods available that’s light-colored and also decay-resistant for exterior applications. Nearly all other exterior woods are much darker in color, with the exception of much softer cedar species.
The Apuleia genus has been shown to have very unique flower morphology.Zimmerman, E., Prenner, G., & Bruneau, A. (2013). Floral morphology of Apuleia leiocarpa (Dialiinae: Leguminosae), an unusual andromonoecious legume. International Journal of Plant … Continue reading It contains only one species, A. leiocarpa.
DNA sequencing has show that the next-closest genus is the African Distemonanthus,Bruneau, A., Mercure, M., Lewis, G. P., & Herendeen, P. S. (2008). Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes. Botany, 86(7), 697-718. again containing only one species, movingui (Distemonanthus benthamianus).
|↑1||Zimmerman, E., Prenner, G., & Bruneau, A. (2013). Floral morphology of Apuleia leiocarpa (Dialiinae: Leguminosae), an unusual andromonoecious legume. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 174(2), 154-160.|
|↑2||Bruneau, A., Mercure, M., Lewis, G. P., & Herendeen, P. S. (2008). Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes. Botany, 86(7), 697-718.|