Argentine Lignum Vitae (Bulnesia sarmientoi)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (Bulnesia sarmientoi)

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Common Name(s): Verawood, Argentine Lignum Vitae

Scientific Name: Bulnesia arborea, Bulnesia sarmientoi

Distribution: Central America and northern South America

Tree Size: 40-50 ft (12-15 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 74 lbs/ft3 (1,190 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 1.01, 1.19

Janka Hardness: 3,710 lbf (16,520 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 25,730 lbf/in2 (177.4 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 2,272,000 lbf/in2 (15.67 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 10,830 lbf/in2 (74.7 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: ~6%, Tangential: ~8%, Volumetric: ~13%, T/R Ratio: ~1.3

Color/Appearance: Heartwood color can range from a pale yellowish olive, to a deeper forest green or dark brown to almost black. The color tends to darken with age, especially upon exposure to light (see light-change color photo below). Pale yellow sapwood is clearly demarcated from heartwood. Quartersawn grain has a unique feathered pattern when viewed up close.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight to spiraled or slightly interlocked. Fine even texture with very high natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; small to medium pores in wavy radial rows, moderately numerous to numerous; dark-colored heartwood deposits present; parenchyma vasicentric, and confluent; narrow rays, fairly close spacing.

Rot Resistance: Verawood is reported to be very durable for outdoor use and is said to last almost indefinitely in direct ground contact; Verawood is  also resistant to insect attack.

Workability: Verawood has a tendency to skip over-top jointer cutters on account of its extremely high density, and very light passes are recommended. Verawood will also dull cutters, and overall it’s considered quite difficult to work. Also, due to its high oil content and hardness, it is very difficult to get a strong and reliable glue joint. However, Verawood is an exceptional wood for turning on the lathe, and finishes well.

Odor: Verawood has a distinct, perfume-like fragrance that lingers even after it has been machined.

Allergies/Toxicity: Verawood sawdust has been reported to cause sneezing, and the closely related Lignum Vitae has been reported to cause skin irritation. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Should be priced in the mid to upper range of imported exotic woods. Turning blanks and other small pieces are most commonly available, comparing similarly with other tropical hardwoods such as Cocobolo or Bocote. Larger pieces of lumber are less common but are also available.

Sustainability: This wood species is in CITES Appendix II, and is on the IUCN Red List as conservation dependent. Cessation of any current conservation programs would likely result in a vulnerable or endangered status.

Common Uses: Tool handles, mallet heads, bearings, bushings, boatbuilding, pulley wheels, heavy construction (in areas where the tree grows locally), and turned objects.

Comments: Verawood has very similar appearances and working characteristics to Lignum Vitae, and is sometimes referred to as Argentine Lignum Vitae. Technically Verawood is Bulnesia arborea, and Argentine Lignum Vitae is Bulnesia sarmientoi; though the two woods are so close in appearance and working characteristics that they have been combined on one page for simplicity’s sake. All the scans listed here are from Bulnesia sarmientoi. Though Verawood is in a different Genus than Lignum Vitae, (Bulnesia and Guaiacum, respectively) both genera are biologically classified in the same Family: Zygophyllaceae. Both woods are extremely hard, heavy, oily, and have a feathered grain pattern with a distinct brownish olive color.

Since trade of genuine Lignum Vitae is restricted, (and is included in the CITES Appendix II), Verawood is a popular substitute: yet even this species (Bulnesia sarmientoi) has been included in CITES Appendix III, though it is not as restrictive as Appendix II.

Related Species:

Zygophyllaceae family:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures: You can see from the picture(s) in the lower right that the wood is capable of turning a deep, almost forest green. Since there was a sticker above the area with the much lighter yellowish-olive color, it would stand to reason that this dark green color change came about through exposure to light.

A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing turned photo of this wood species. You can see more of his work at Steve’s Wooden Skittle Pins and Balls.

Argentine Lignum Vitae (sanded)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (sanded)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (sealed)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (sealed)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (endgrain)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (endgrain)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (endgrain 10x)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (endgrain 10x)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (quartersawn)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (quartersawn)

Verawood (color changed)

Verawood (color change)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (turned)

Argentine Lignum Vitae (turned)

Verawood (color change)

Verawood (color change)

  • Cornel

    http://www.wood-database.com/verawood/

    Hi,
    Very nice site in deed.
    I like the structure and the layout.
    Plain information, fast, easy.

    Here in Argentina Verawood is pretty much known as “Madera de palo santo” or just “palo santo”.

    Maybe worth adding that name.

    eg: http://www.ar.all.biz/g24133/

    Thanks

    hasta luego.

    Cornel

  • Fitzhugh

    I started sneezing within a minute of beginning to sand some verawood. I went ahead and continued, using planes instead… after a while my eyes, sinuses and the skin on my upper cheeks all were burning. It also left a hard crust on the edges of tools, rather like surface rust – not waxy but dry, brittle crust quite stuck to the tool edge, needs scraping off very often.

    That said, it is beautiful, hard wood. The herringbone grain is fantastic.

  • Tom C

    A neighbor gave me a slab of “Teak” that he used to make some replacement board for his boat long ago. He no longer owns the boat, but he enjoyed it very much. The “teak” is actually Argentine Lignum Vitae

    Somewhere I recall that Tung Oil is a good finish material for this type of wood. I used a 50/50 mix of tung oil and mineral spirits (so the oil would go farther into the grain).

    Attached is a photo, however the true color is more green. I beleive the red below the bowl resulted in a warmer result.

    Thanks for the info on this wood.

    Tom

  • Francois Sarrazin

    Hi!

    I am about to enter into a relationship with verawood as a pen turner. I would like to know if the colour change still happens after the pen has been treated with French polish and wax. If so, approximately how long does it take?

    Francois

  • Tom C

    I am not sure how long it takes to change color. I understand that most woods change color from one of two exposures:
    Exposure to UV Light (the sun)
    Exposure to Oxygen
    I would think that a UV blocking finish (sometimes used to treat wood decks) may delay the change. I don’t think you can ever stop the oxygen exposure unless it is cast in resin.

    Sorry that I can not help you any more than this. I believe the wood that I got from my neighbor was at least 5 – 10 years old.

    Tom

  • Al

    This is being sold under the name of ‘Green Sandalwood’ because of its rich aroma which makes it good for prayer beads too.

  • Tom C

    A neighbor gave me a slab of “Teak” that he used to make some
    replacement board for his boat long ago. He no longer owns the boat,
    but he enjoyed it very much. The “teak” is actually Argentine Lignum
    Vitae

    Somewhere I recall that Tung Oil is a good finish material for this
    type of wood. I used a 50/50 mix of tung oil and mineral spirits (so
    the oil would go farther into the grain).

    Attached is a photo, however the true color is more green. I believe the red below the bowl resulted in a warmer result.

    Thanks for the info on this wood.

  • JosephD

    smells like citrus

  • Darin Kel J

    I love the smell of this wood, though it clogs power belt sanders

  • LouisianaJoe

    I turned a piece of this to make a handle for a pizza cutter kit that I bought. It does clog sanding belts but a rubberized belt cleaner will renew the sanding belt. I finished it with a tung oil mix.

  • Aristocrat

    There are two species of “lignum vitae” . One is Bulnesia arborea from Brasil and Colombia also known as verawood or maracaibo,the other more fragrant from Paraguay is Bulnesia
    sarmientoi or Palosanto. These are two different species and this article is actually not correct.

    • ejmeier

      Did you read the comments section? Pretty much says exactly what you just said.

  • DSealis

    I like to inform the wood community,

    Verawood is a beauitful green wood. HOWEVER, there is something that I had to learn the hard way, since I did not read this testimony from anyone: While Verawood often times change colors for the better, it is highly susceptible to heat. Once exposed to too high of a temperature (80 degrees F), the wood changes color NOT for the better: it has a bad habit of reverting back to its original Olive-Hazelnut color. Keep it away from heat, if you want to keep its green!!

    • ejmeier

      Now that you mention it, I’ve experienced the exact same thing. I left a piece in a hot car once with the windows up, and when I got back there were these tiny bubbles on the surface, and the color has seemed to be stuck at a brownish olive, much more on the side of brown.

      • Dave Adams

        Can confirm as well, I have a watch made out of verawood and has turned more brown than green after wearing it to my outdoor job here in FL.

        It still looks great and smells amazing though.

  • Marco

    With this wood are also made wristwatches such as this photo, the Italian brand Woodstar Milano. http://woodstar.it https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/c9bd82ff37dea18912d0adc32b5272784b6e68bb0dbffd6a85e82f1f18f900b1.jpg