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Scots Pine

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) Common Name(s): Scots PineScientific Name: Pinus sylvestrisDistribution: Native to Europe and northern Asia; also planted in New Zealand and Northeastern and Midwestern United States.Tree Size: 65-115 ft (20-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameterAverage Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (550 kg/m3)Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .39, .55Janka Hardness: 540 lbf (2,420 N)Modulus of Rupture: 12,080 lbf/in2 (83.3 MPa)Elastic Modulus: 1,461,000 lbf/in2 (10.08 GPa)Crushing Strength: 6,020 lbf/in2 (41.5 MPa)Shrinkage: Radial: 5.2%, Tangential: 8.3%, Volumetric: 13.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.6Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, demarcated sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white.Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a medium, even texture.Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large.Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay resistance. Scots Pine is readily treated with preservatives and can thereafter be used in exterior applications such as posts or utility poles.Workability: Scots Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well.Odor: Scots Pine has a mild, resinous odor when being worked.Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood [...]

Wood Identification Guide

ad by Eric Meier When attempting to identify a wood sample, it's important to keep in mind the limitations and obstacles that are present in our task. Before starting, please have a look at The Truth Behind Wood Identification to approach the task in a proper mindset; I consider the linked article to be required reading for all those visiting my site with the intent of identifying wood. 1. Confirm it is actually solid wood. Before proceeding too much farther into the remaining steps, it's first necessary to confirm that the material in question is actually a solid piece of wood, and not a man-made composite or piece of plastic made to imitate wood. A solid piece of Cocobolo: note how the grain naturally wraps around the sides and endgrain of the wood. Can you see the end-grain? Manufactured wood such as MDF, OSB, and particleboard all have a distinct look that is—in nearly all cases—easily distinguishable from the endgrain of real wood. Look for growth rings—formed by the yearly growth of a tree—which will be a dead-giveaway that the wood sample in question is a solid, genuine chunk of wood taken from a tree. [...]

Jeffrey Pine

Jeffrey Pine (P. ponderosa pictured) Common Name(s): Jeffrey Pine Scientific Name: Pinus jeffreyi Distribution: Mountainous regions of southwestern Oregon to California and northern Mexico Tree Size: 100-165 ft (30-50 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .37, .45 Janka Hardness: 500 lbf (2,220 N) Modulus of Rupture: 9,300 lbf/in2 (64.1 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,240,000 lbf/in2 (8.55 GPa) Crushing Strength: 5,530 lbf/in2 (38.1 MPa) Shrinkage:Radial: 4.4%, Tangential: 6.7%, Volumetric: 9.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.5 Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white. Grain/Texture: Straight grained with medium texture. Endgrain: Medium-large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast can vary depending on growth ring spacing; tracheid diameter medium-large. Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in decay resistance. Workability: Jeffrey pine works well with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well. Odor: Jeffrey Pine has a faint, vanilla or apple-like odor while being worked. Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for [...]

Wood Articles

General Wood InformationAre Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES?Common US HardwoodsEbony: Dark Outlook for Dark Woods?Restricted and Endangered Wood SpeciesState Trees of the United StatesThe Ten Best Woods You've Never Heard OfTop Ten Most Overrated WoodsWhat is Wood? Identifying WoodThe Truth Behind Wood IdentificationWood Identification GuideHardwood AnatomySoftwood AnatomyFluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification Mechanical PropertiesBow Woods (from a mathematical perspective)Top Ten Hardest WoodsTop Ten Heaviest WoodsTop Ten Softest Woods Separating Specific WoodsAsh Wood: Black, White, and Everything in BetweenDistinguishing Red Oak from White OakDifferences Between Hard Maple and Soft MapleDistinguishing Brazilian Rosewood from East Indian and Other RosewoodsElm Wood: Hard and SoftHow to Tell Genuine Lignum Vitae from Argentine Lignum VitaeMahogany Mixups: the LowdownPine Wood: An Overall GuidePoplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What?Separating Spruce and Other LookalikesSorting Out SatinwoodsTrue Hickory and Pecan Hickory Safety and HealthWood Allergies and ToxicityWood Dust Safety Reference/For the Shop Fraction and Metric Conversion ChartWood Images for Desktop Backgrounds Working with WoodDrying Wood at HomeFinishing Exotic and Tropical HardwoodsGluing Oily Tropical HardwoodsHow to Turn a Bandsaw Bowl from a BoardPreventing Color Changes in Exotic WoodsWood Finishes: What Works When 

Wood Trading

by Eric Meier (IWCS #9701)Are you interested in getting or using new and unusual wood species? Are you a wood collector? If so, maybe we can trade. If you are a member of the International Wood Collectors Society (IWCS), then you probably already know that the standard size for wood samples is 6" (long) x 3" (wide) x 1/2" (thick). What I've got for tradePlease note that this is not a for-sale list—I'm only looking to extend my diversity of wood species and therefore multiply the reach of the site. For purchasing wood samples, I'd direct you to other sources such as Gary Green, Carlton McLendon Inc, or the man who quite literally wrote the book on wood collecting, Alan Curtis. # Common Name Scientific Name Notes 001Pacific silver firAbies amabilisknot002Pacific silver firAbies amabilisapproximately 2.4" wide006Box elderAcer negundodefects007Red mapleAcer rubrumslight defects008Hard mapleAcer saccharum009Mountain mapleAcer spicatumglued up (two piece), defects010Ambrosia mapleAcer sp.011Ambrosia mapleAcer sp.streaked, but without bug holes012Yellow buckeyeAesculus flava (= A. octandra)191ChamfutaAfzelia quanzensis013KauriAgathis australisswamp-recovered Kauri015LebbeckAlbizia lebbeck158LebbeckAlbizia lebbeck2 7/8" wide016Black sirisAlbizia odoratissima017BoonareeAlectryon oleifoliusglued up (two piece), 7/16" thick, 5 3/4" long018BoonareeAlectryon oleifoliusmostly sapwood019BulokeAllocasuarina luehmanniiminor defects020BulokeAllocasuarina luehmanniidefects021BulokeAllocasuarina luehmannii022Red alderAlnus rubraknot one side259Emien Alstonia congensis2 7/8" [...]