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Southern Magnolia

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) Common Name(s): Southern Magnolia Scientific Name: Magnolia grandiflora Distribution: Southeastern United States Tree Size: 50-80 ft (15-24 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (560 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .56 Janka Hardness: 1,020 lbf (4,540 N) Modulus of Rupture: 11,200 lbf/in2 (77.2 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,400,000 lbf/in2 (9.66 GPa) Crushing...


Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana) Common Name(s): Sweetbay, Swamp Magnolia Scientific Name: Magnolia virginiana Distribution: Southeastern United States Tree Size: 50-80 ft (15-24 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .45, .54 Janka Hardness: 810 lbf (3,600 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Modulus of Rupture: 10,900 lbf/in2 (75.2 MPa) Elastic...


...Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) Common Name(s): Cucumbertree, Cucumber Magnolia...

Worldwide Woods, a new poster Temporarily unavailable! Please use the email signup list below to be notified as soon as the poster becomes available for sale. Over 500 worldwide woods pictured 24" wide (61 cm) x 36" tall (91 cm) Divided into 8 geographical regions $30 (shipped by Alder, Red (Alnus rubra) Ash, Black (Fraxinus nigra) Ash, Green (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Ash, White (Fraxinus americana) Aspen, Bigtooth (Populus grandidentata) Aspen, Quaking (Populus tremuloides) Baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) Basswood (Tilia americana) Beech, American (Fagus grandifolia) Birch, Paper (Betula papyrifera) Birch, Yellow (Betula alleghaniensis) Box Elder (Acer negundo) Buckeye, Yellow (Aesculus flava) Buckthorn, Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) Cedar, Atlantic White (Chamaecyparis thyoides) Cedar, Eastern Red (Juniperus virginiana) Cedar, Incense (Calocedrus decurrens) Cedar, Northern White (Thuja occidentalis) Cedar, Port Orford (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) Cedar, Western Red (Thuja plicata) Cedar, Yellow (Cupressus nootkatensis) Cherry, Black (Prunus serotina) Chestnut, American (Castanea dentata) Chinkapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla) Coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) [...]

Wood Trading

by Eric Meier (IWCS #9701)Are you interested in getting or using new and unusual wood species? Are you a wood collector? If so, maybe we can trade. If you are a member of the International Wood Collectors Society (IWCS), then you probably already know that the standard size for wood samples is 6" (long) x 3" (wide) x 1/2" (thick). What I've got for tradePlease note that this is not a for-sale list—I'm only looking to extend my diversity of wood species and therefore multiply the reach of the site. For purchasing wood samples, I'd direct you to other sources such as Gary Green, Carlton McLendon Inc, or the man who quite literally wrote the book on wood collecting, Alan Curtis. # Common Name Scientific Name Notes 001Pacific silver firAbies amabilisknot002Pacific silver firAbies amabilisapproximately 2.4" wide006Box elderAcer negundodefects007Red mapleAcer rubrumslight defects008Hard mapleAcer saccharum009Mountain mapleAcer spicatumglued up (two piece), defects010Ambrosia mapleAcer sp.011Ambrosia mapleAcer sp.streaked, but without bug holes012Yellow buckeyeAesculus flava (= A. octandra)191ChamfutaAfzelia quanzensis013KauriAgathis australisswamp-recovered Kauri015LebbeckAlbizia lebbeck158LebbeckAlbizia lebbeck2 7/8" wide016Black sirisAlbizia odoratissima017BoonareeAlectryon oleifoliusglued up (two piece), 7/16" thick, 5 3/4" long018BoonareeAlectryon oleifoliusmostly sapwood019BulokeAllocasuarina luehmanniiminor defects020BulokeAllocasuarina luehmanniidefects021BulokeAllocasuarina luehmannii022Red alderAlnus rubraknot one side259Emien Alstonia congensis2 7/8" [...]

WOOD! book: Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide

NOW AVAILABLE ON AMAZON  272 Pages8.5" x 11" page size (22 cm x 28 cm).Full color throughout; Hundreds of images. HardcoverWith a sewn binding and jacket-less design to stand up to the rigors of nearly any wood shop. $35 PriceRobust, trusted ordering through Amazon. Free domestic shipping; reasonable int’l rates.* Over 350 woods coveredOver 100 full-page wood profilesOver 100 half-page wood profilesData on over 150 related species * Shipping currently not available to Canada or Australia. WOOD SPECIES COVERED IN THE BOOK Full-page profile Half-page profile Mechanical data listed European Silver Fir (Abies alba) Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis) Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) White Fir (Abies concolor) Grand Fir (Abies grandis) Subalpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa) California Red Fir (Abies magnifica) Noble Fir (Abies procera) Gidgee (Acacia cambagei) Koa (Acacia koa) Mangium (Acacia mangium) Black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) Australian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon) Yarran (Acacia omalophylla) [...]

State Trees of the United States

StateState treeScientific Name Alabama Longleaf Pine Pinus palustris Alaska Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis Arizona Blue Palo Verde Parkinsonia florida Arkansas Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda California Coast Redwood and Giant Sequoia Sequoia sempervirens and Sequoiadendron giganteum Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens Connecticut White Oak Quercus alba District of Columbia Scarlet Oak Quercus coccinea Delaware American Holly Ilex opaca Florida Cabbage Palmetto Sabal palmetto Georgia Live Oak Quercus virginiana Hawaii Candlenut Tree Aleurites moluccana Idaho Western White Pine Pinus monticola Illinois White Oak Quercus alba Indiana Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera Iowa Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa Kansas Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Kentucky Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera Louisiana Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Maine Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus Maryland White Oak Quercus alba Massachusetts American Elm Ulmus americana Michigan Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus Minnesota Red Pine Pinus resinosa Mississippi Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Missouri Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Montana Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa Nebraska Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Nevada Single-leaf Pinyon & Bristlecone pine Pinus monophylla & Pinus longaeva New Hampshire Paper Birch Betula papyrifera New Jersey Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra New Mexico Pinyon Pine Pinus edulis New York Sugar Maple Acer saccharum North Carolina Pine Pinus North Dakota American Elm Ulmus [...]

Wood Allergies and Toxicity

by Eric Meier "Not to omit any one of them, the yew is similar to these other trees in general appearance . . . It is an ascertained fact that travellers' vessels, made in Gaul of this wood, for the purpose of holding wine, have caused the death of those who used them." –Pliny the Elder, from Naturalis Historia, ca. 77 AD Looking at the above quotation, (taken from a writing nearly two thousand years old), ought to bring—at the very least—a small bit of respect and attention to the matter of safety as it pertains to wood toxicity. If this subject has been known and reported as "ascertained fact" since ancient history, how much more ought we to take heed in modern times, considering that we have so many more well-developed means of communication and testing? Wood Toxicity and Allergen Chart Below you'll find a chart of various wood species, along with their reported effects and properties. The information on this chart has been compiled from many sources, with references given at the bottom. When viewing the chart, please keep the follow in mind: Just because any given wood is not listed on the chart, does not mean that [...]

Ebony: Dark Outlook For Dark Woods?

by Eric MeierWhether conscious of it or not, just about the entire world loves dark colored woods—and the darker, the better. So, what happens when you mix a strong global demand with small and slow-growing trees?Issues.Consider these words by the co-founder of Taylor Guitars in his talk on ebony back in 2012, who articulates the issue very well:"Ebony has been a wood that for two, or three, or four hundred years, we’ve gone into countries, and we’ve used the ebony until it’s all gone. Literally. Then we move into another country, and we take their ebony till it’s all gone. Why do I say 'we'?—because ebony isn’t cut in Africa for use by Africans. Ebony is cut in Africa to be sold to people like us, to make things like guitars out of.  That’s the simple truth of the matter."-Bob TaylorWhy should I care?Maybe you shouldn't. But at the very least, everyone who buys, uses or makes ebony wood products should be aware of the situation, and make informed, conscientious decisions. Maybe you've only used a little bit of ebony here and there, but just remember this: the world is filled with small bits and pieces of ebony. This is precisely [...]

Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What?

by Eric MeierIn the United States, the term "Poplar" almost always refers to a specific wood species: Liriodendron tulipifera. Other common names for this wood include Yellow Poplar, American Tulipwood, or Tulip Poplar. The only problem with referring to this species as "Poplar" is that it isn't actually a type of poplar. That title properly belongs to a genus of trees appropriately named Populus. Types of PoplarLiriodendron genus (not closely related to true poplars, it's actually from the Magnoliaceae family, and is technically closer in relation to the various Magnolia species)Yellow Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)Also referred to by the following names: Tulip Poplar, American Tulipwood, or simply "Poplar" (in North America).Populus genus (this contains true poplars, as well as related trees such as cottonwood and aspen)White Poplar (Populus alba)Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera)Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)Bigtooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata)Black Poplar (Populus nigra)European Aspen (Populus tremula)Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides)Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)Characteristics of poplar woodRegardless of the genus, all poplar woods (true or otherwise) have a few similarities.They are all relatively lightweight and soft (as a matter of fact, Populus species rank among the very softest woods in the world).They all have relatively small pores which finish to a smooth texture without the need for pore fillers. Most of [...]

About the Project

How "The Wood Database" got started... It all began back in April of 2007; I had recently checked out some wood identification books at the library, and I wanted a way to organize all of the most helpful data into a single reference file on my computer. After cataloging the wood’s common and scientific names, weight, approximate cost, and any other notes or observations that I thought were unusual to that species of wood, I printed the file out and used it as a reference guide in my shop. (At that time, I was involved in making psalteries—a type of stringed musical instrument.) Over time, I found myself referencing this chart so many times, and I had made so many additions and alterations to it—adding my own observations, density readings, etc.—that it became nearly indispensable. Many times when a project would come up, I would consult the chart as a guide to help me use the most appropriate wood possible. How my wood list grew into an online projectEventually, I realized that all of the data that I found in most wood identification books available to the public [...]