References and Data Sources

This list is continuously being updated and expanded.

Keep in mind that I’ve chosen to sort the list by reference number from the individual wood profile pages to make it easiest for those trying to find a cited work by the reference number. (You can re-sort by any other field using the buttons at the top of each column.)

Ref [#]Author(s)DateTitle/Publication
1Chudnoff, M1980Tropical Timbers of the World
2Forest Products Laboratory2021Wood handbook—wood as an engineering material
3Alden, H1995Hardwoods of North America
4Alden, H1997Softwoods of North America
5PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa)2008Timbers 1
6PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa)2012Timbers 2
7Bootle, K2010Wood in Australia
8Wagenführ, R2007Holzatlas
9Kukachka, B.F.1969Properties of Imported Tropical Woods
10Flynn, J2001Guide to Useful Woods of the World
11Flynn, J2007Guide to More Useful Woods of the World
12Gamble, J.S.1881Manual of Indian Timbers
13Markwardt, Wilson1935Strength and Related Properties of Woods Grown in the United States
14CIRAD Forestry Department2015Tropix 7
15TRADA1979Timbers of the World
16TRADA1980Timbers of the World vol. 2
17Bremaud, I2006Diversité des bois utilisés ou utilisables en facture d’instruments de musique
18Longui, E. L., Lima, I. L. D., Lombardi, D. R., Garcia, J. N., & Alves, E. S.2014Woods with physical, mechanical and acoustic properties similar to those of Caesalpinia echinata have high potential as alternative woods for bow makers. Cerne, 20, 369-376.
19Alves, E. S., Longui, E. L., & Amano, E.2008Pernambuco wood (Caesalpinia echinata) used in the manufacture of bows for string instruments. Iawa Journal, 29(3), 323-335.
20Morlan, J.W.2011Janka Hardness Scale. as archived August 2013
21Schimleck, L. R., de Matos, J. L. M., & Espey, C.2017Radial variation in pernambuco (Caesalpinia echinata) wood properties. IAWA journal, 38(1), 99-104.
22Marques, S. D. S., Oliveira, J. T. D. S., Paes, J. B., Alves, E. S., Silva, A. G. D., & Fiedler, N. C.2012Estudo comparativo da massa específica aparente e retratibilidade da madeira de pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam.) nativa e de reflorestamento. Revista Árvore, 36, 373-380.
23Schimleck, L., Espey, C., Mora, C., Evans, R., Taylor, A. & Muniz, G.2009Characterization of the wood quality of pernambuco (Caesalpinia echinata Lam) by measurements of density, extractives content, microfibril angle, stiffness, color, and NIR spectroscopy. , 63(4), 457-463.
24Cerre, J. C., Gérard, J., Guibal, D., & Paradis, S.2017Tropical timber atlas: technological characteristics and uses
25Bendtsen, B. A., & Chudnoff, M.1981Properties of seven Colombian woods
26Berni, C. A., Bolza, E., & Christensen, F. J.1979South American timbers—the characteristics, properties and uses of 190 species
27Gutiérrez, V. H., Silva, J., Arias, J., & Castello, L.2002Información técnica para el procesamiento industrial de 134 especies maderables de Bolivia.
28Sotomayor-Castellanos, J. R., & Hernández-Maldonado, S. A.2012Características elásticas de maderas mexicanas. Investigación e Ingeniería de la Madera, 8(2), 3-78.
29Miller, R. B., & Flynn, J. H.2007Fluorescent woods of the world. A Guide to the More Useful Woods of the World. Forest Products Society, Madison, 271-305.
30ITTO2016-presentTropical Timbers – Lesser Known Species
31Mascarenhas, A. R. P., Sccoti, M. S. V., Melo, R. R. D., Corrêa, F. L. D. O., Souza, E. F. M. D., & Pimenta, A. S.2021Physico-mechanical properties of the wood of freijó, Cordia goeldiana (Boraginacea), produced in a multi-stratified agroforestry system in the southwestern Amazon. Acta Amazonica, 51, 171-180.
32Comisión Nacional Forestal [Conafor]2013Fichas técnicas sobre características tecnológicas y usos de maderas comercializadas en México.
33Chudnoff, M.1973Physical, Mechanical, and Other Properties of Selected Secondary Species in Surinam, Peru, Colombia, Nigeria, Gabon, Philippines, and Malaysia. Office of Science and Technology Agency for International Development.
34Record, S. J., & Hess, R. W.1949Timbers of the New World
35Clarke, D. C.2010Wood in Australia in Colour
36Zanne, A.E., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Coomes, D.A., Ilic, J., Jansen, S., Lewis, S.L., Miller, R.B., Swenson, N.G., Wiemann, M.C., and Chave, J.2009Global wood density database. Dryad.
37Royal Thai Forest Department 2005The Thai Hardwoods
38Farmer, R. H.1972Handbook of Hardwoods (2nd Edition)
39Martinuzzi, F.2010Fichas Técnicas de Maderas. INTI Madera y muebles.
40Sparkling Science Projekt2017Wert-Holz SPA05-013
41National Carbon Accounting System (NCAS)2000Technical Report 18. Wood Density.
42James, Barry and Danielle2012World of Wood, vol. 65, no. 1
43Miller, R.D.2005-2012The Wood Explorer
44Knaggs, G. and Xenopoulou, S.2004Guide to Irish Hardwoods
45As, N., Korkut, S., & Büyüksari, Ü.2016Some physical and mechanical properties of turkish hazelnut (Corylus colurna L.) wood. In 13th International Scientific Congress Machines, Technologies, Materials (pp. 59-61).
46Porter, T.2006Wood: Identification & Use. Guild of master craftsman publications.
47Hirashima, Y., Sugihara, M., Sasaki, Y., Ando, K., & Yamasaki, M.2004Strength properties of aged wood, 2: Compressive strength properties, shearing strength and hardness of aged keyaki [Zelkova serrata] and akamatsu [Pinus denshiflora] woods. Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society (Japan), 50(6).
48Lincoln, W.1986World Woods in Color
49Keating, W. and Bolza E.1982Characteristics, Properties and Uses of Timbers: South-east Asia, Northern Australia and the Pacific
50Hwang, S. K.1962The anatomy of some important Taiwan woods (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia).

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