The common name forms the general title for each of the wood profiles, and typically is the name that most laypeople use when talking about the wood. This field may also include trade names that are used by wood dealers to help sell the wood by making it sound more attractive—usually by attaching certain positive-sounding buzzwords to the name, such as calling jatoba Brazilian cherry.

Because common names can be vague, and there are several instances where two different species of wood are both called by the same common name (depending on the given geographical location), the scientific name is a much more precise way of referencing wood. The only downside is that it’s written in Latin.


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  1. What is pine’s origin (where it comes from)?