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Sweet Cherry

Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium) Common Name(s): Sweet Cherry, Wild Cherry, European Cherry Scientific Name: Prunus avium Distribution: Europe and Asia Tree Size: 32-65 ft (10-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 39 lbs/ft3 (600 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .60 Janka Hardness: 1,150 lbf (5,120 N) Modulus of Rupture: 14,980 lbf/in2 (103.3 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,529,000 lbf/in2 (10.55 GPa) Crushing...

Black Cherry

Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) Common Name(s): Black Cherry, Cherry, American Cherry Scientific Name: Prunus serotina Distribution: Eastern North America Tree Size: 50-100 ft (15-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (560 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .47, .56 Janka Hardness: 950 lbf (4,230 N) Modulus of Rupture: 12,300 lbf/in2 (84.8 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,490,000 lbf/in2 (10.30 GPa) Crushing...

Common US Hardwoods

by Eric Meier In the process of identifying wood, things can get a bit overwhelming when faced with the hundreds and hundreds of possible species. Yet in the context of everyday woods that most people in the United States or Canada are likely to encounter, the list of possible woods is usually much shorter. This article is meant to act as sort of a “Cliffs Notes” to help address the most common (and hopefully, obvious) questions of...

Plum

Plum (Prunus domestica) Common Name(s): Plum Scientific Name: Prunus domestica Distribution: Widely cultivated in temperate areas worldwide Tree Size: 20-40 ft (6-12 m) tall, 1-1.5 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft3 (795 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .61, .79 Janka Hardness: 1,550 lbf (6,900 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Modulus of Rupture: 12,810 lbf/in2 (88.4 MPa) Elastic Modulus:...

Apricot

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Common Name(s): Apricot Scientific Name: Prunus armeniaca Distribution: Native to eastern Europe and Asia; planted worldwide Tree Size: 20-40 ft (6-12 m) tall, 1-1.5 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (745 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .58, .74 Janka Hardness: 1,390 lbf (6,200 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Modulus of Rupture: No data available Elastic Modulus:...

Jatoba

Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril) Common Name(s): Jatoba, Brazilian Cherry Scientific Name: Hymenaea courbaril Distribution: Central America, southern Mexico, northern South America, and the West Indies Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 57 lbs/ft3 (910 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .77, .91 Janka Hardness: 2,690 lbf (11,950 N) Modulus of Rupture: 22,510 lbf/in2 (155.2 MPa) Elastic...

Wood Finishes: What Works When

by Eric Meier “What’s the best type of wood finish to use for this wood?” I’m always amused when I get asked this question, as if there is only one single “right” finish to use for a given wood species. The real answer would be, “it depends…” It all depends on what type of look you’re going for, what level of protection you want, how much maintenance you’re willing to do, etc....

Tiete Rosewood

Tiete Rosewood (Guibourtia hymenaeifolia) Common Name(s): Tiete Rosewood, Patagonian Cherry, Sirari Scientific Name: Guibourtia hymenaeifolia (syn. G. chodatiana) Distribution: South America Tree Size: 130-165 ft (40-50 m) tall,3-6 ft (1-2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 59 lbs/ft3 (945 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .76, .94 Janka Hardness: 2,790 lbf (12,410 N) Modulus of Rupture: 15,830 lbf/in2 (109.2 MPa) Elastic Modulus:...

Wood Allergies and Toxicity

by Eric Meier “Not to omit any one of them, the yew is similar to these other trees in general appearance . . . It is an ascertained fact that travellers’ vessels, made in Gaul of this wood, for the purpose of holding wine, have caused the death of those who used them.” –Pliny the Elder, from Naturalis Historia, ca. 77 AD Looking at the above quotation, (taken from a writing nearly two thousand years old), ought to bring—at...

Apple

Apple (Malus domestica) Common Name(s): Apple, Crab Apple, Wild Apple Scientific Name: Malus spp. (Malus domestica, Malus sieversii, Malus sylvestris, etc.) Distribution: Found throughout most temperate climates Tree Size: 13-30 ft (4-9 m) tall, 1 ft (.3 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 52 lbs/ft3 (830 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .61, .83 Janka Hardness: 1,730 lbf (7,700 N) Modulus of Rupture: 12,800 lbf/in2 (88.3 MPa)...

Worldwide Woods, a new poster

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjAfSffIQdA Temporarily unavailable! Please use the email signup list below to be notified as soon as the poster becomes available for sale. Over 500 worldwide woods pictured 24" wide (61 cm) x 36" tall (91 cm) Divided into 8 geographical regions $30 (shipped by Amazon.com) Alder, Red (Alnus rubra) Ash, Black (Fraxinus nigra) Ash, Green (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Ash, White (Fraxinus americana) Aspen, Bigtooth...

About the Project

How “The Wood Database” got started… It all began back in April of 2007; I had recently checked out some wood identification books at the library, and I wanted a way to organize all of the most helpful data into a single reference file on my computer. After cataloging the wood’s common and scientific names, weight, approximate cost, and any other notes or observations that I thought were unusual to that species of wood, I...

Wood Identification Guide

by Eric Meier When attempting to identify a wood sample, it’s important to keep in mind the limitations and obstacles that are present in our task. Before starting, please have a look at The Truth Behind Wood Identification to approach the task in a proper mindset; I consider the linked article to be required reading for all those visiting my site with the intent of identifying wood. 1. Confirm it is actually solid wood. Before...

The Truth Behind Wood Identification

by Eric Meier After having personally worked with hundreds of wood species, (obviously some much more than others), and having read a number of books and articles on wood identification, I’ve come to an unsettling conclusion: it seems that the more I learn and discover, the more I realize how very little I know. The more accurate and thorough my identification process becomes, the more certain I become that I really cannot guarantee that...

Red Alder

Red Alder (Alnus rubra) Common Name(s): Red Alder, Western Red Alder Scientific Name: Alnus rubra Distribution: Coastal western North America Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .37, .45 Janka Hardness: 590 lbf (2,620 N) Modulus of Rupture: 9,800 lbf/in2 (67.6 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,380,000 lbf/in2 (9.52 GPa) Crushing Strength:...

Buckthorn

Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) Common Name(s): Buckthorn Scientific Name: Rhamnus spp. (Rhamnus cathartica, R. purshiana, etc.) Distribution: Widespread throughout Europe, North America, Asia, and northern Africa Tree Size: 15-30 ft (5-10 m) tall, 6-8 in (15-20 cm) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft3 (605 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .61 Janka Hardness: 1,040 lbf (4,630 N) Modulus of Rupture: 8,700 lbf/in2 (60.0...

Common Name

The “Common Name” field typically lists the name(s) that everybody uses when talking about the wood. It can sometimes be vague, because there are some instances where two different species of wood are called by the same common name. (One example would be Philippine Mahogany.) This field may also include trade names that are used by wood dealers to help sell the wood by making it sound more attractive—usually by attaching certain...

Silver Birch

Silver Birch (Betula pendula) Common Name(s): Silver Birch Scientific Name: Betula pendula Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft3 (640 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .64 Janka Hardness: 1,210 lbf (5,360 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,570 lbf/in2 (114.3 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,024,000 lbf/in2 (13.96 GPa) Crushing Strength: No data...

Sweet Birch

Sweet Birch (Betula lenta) Common Name(s): Sweet Birch Scientific Name: Betula lenta Distribution: Northeastern North America Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (735 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .74 Janka Hardness: 1,470 lbf (6,540 N) Modulus of Rupture: 16,900 lbf/in2 (116.6 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,170,000 lbf/in2 (14.97 GPa) Crushing Strength: 8,540 lbf/in2...

Makore

...Makore (Tieghemella heckelii) Common Name(s): Makore...

Madrone

...Madrone (Arbutus menziesii) Common Name(s): Madrone, Pacific Madrone...

Acacia

> Hardwoods > Fabaceae > Acacia Example species (Acacia melanoxylon) Common Name(s): Acacia, wattle Distribution: Primarily Australia; a few species are found in Asia and the Pacific islands Genus Size: Nearly 1,000 species (see available species listing) Mechanical Characteristics: Density greatly variable, some species can be very heavy and hard, though most commercial species are of moderate weight. Visual Characteristics: Many...

What is Wood?

by Eric Meier Hardwoods and Softwoods Tree Growth Sapwood and Heartwood Surfaces of Wood Grain Appearance Rays It’s common knowledge that wood comes from trees. What may not be so apparent is the structure of the wood itself, and the individual components that make up any given piece of lumber. Unlike a mostly homogenous piece of foamboard, MDF, or other man-made material, wood is an organic material, and has many distinct characteristics which...

Pear

...Pear (Pyrus communis) Common Name(s): Pear, Swiss Pear...

River Birch

River Birch (Betula nigra) Common Name(s): River Birch Scientific Name: Betula nigra Distribution: Eastern United States Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (590 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .59 Janka Hardness: 970 lbf (4,320 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Modulus of Rupture: No data available Elastic Modulus: No data available Crushing...

Lyptus®

Lyptus® (Eucalyptus urograndis) Common Name(s): Lyptus® Scientific Name: Eucalyptus urograndis (Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla hybrid) Distribution: Grown on plantations in Brazil Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 53 lbs/ft3 (850 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .85 Janka Hardness: 1,420 lbf (6,330 N) Modulus of Rupture: 17,110 lbf/in2 (118.0 MPa) Elastic Modulus:...

Downy Birch

Downy Birch (B. alleghaniensis pictured) Common Name(s): Downy Birch, European White Birch Scientific Name: Betula pubescens Distribution: Northern Europe, Asia, Iceland, and Greenland Tree Size: 33-65 ft (10-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 39 lbs/ft3 (625 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .62 Janka Hardness: 930 lbf (4,140 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity Modulus of Rupture:...

Paper Birch

Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) Common Name(s): Paper Birch Scientific Name: Betula papyrifera Distribution: Northern and central North America Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft3 (610 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .61 Janka Hardness: 910 lbf (4,050 N) Modulus of Rupture: 12,300 lbf/in2 (84.8 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 1,590,000 lbf/in2 (10.97 GPa) Crushing Strength:...

Nepalese Alder

...Nepalese Alder (Alnus nepalensis) Common Name(s): Nepalese Alder, Utis...

Wood Pricing/Availability

Disclaimer: The Wood Database does not buy or sell any wood. Although this website contains links to other wood vendors, there is no wood directly for sale through this website. Please do not contact me about pricing or availability on a specific wood species. Pricing Much like other commodities, the price of different wood species will change over time. Because of this reality, wood prices have intentionally been described in the vaguest...