Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens)

Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens)

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Common Name(s): Table Mountain Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus pungens

Distribution: Eastern United States (primarily Appalachian Mountain region)

Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 36 lbs/ft3 (575 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .58

Janka Hardness: 730 lbf (3,250 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 11,600 lbf/in2 (80.0 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,550,000 lbf/in2 (10.69 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 6,830 lbf/in2 (47.1 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 3.4%, Tangential: 6.8%, Volumetric: 10.9%, T/R Ratio: 2.0

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white.

Grain/Texture: Straight grained with a medium texture.

Endgrain: Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast relatively high; tracheid diameter medium-large.

Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in decay resistance.

Workability: Overall, Table Mountain Pine works fairly well with most tools, though the resin can gum up tools and clog sandpaper. Table Mountain Pine glues and finishes well.

Odor: Has a distinct smell that is shared among most species in the Pinus genus.

Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Table Mountain Pine is sold and mixed interchangeably with other species as Southern Yellow Pine, which is widely available as a construction lumber for a modest price.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Uses: Southern Yellow Pine is used for heavy construction, such as: bridges, beams, poles, railroad ties, etc. It’s also used for making plywood, wood pulp, and veneers.

Comments: Table Mountain Pine is technically considered to be in the group of southern yellow pines, though it is a very minor species.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures:

Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens)

Table Mountain Pine (sanded)

Table Mountain Pine (sealed)

Table Mountain Pine (sealed)

Table Mountain Pine (endgrain)

Table Mountain Pine (endgrain)

Table Mountain Pine (endgrain 10x)

Table Mountain Pine (endgrain 10x)