Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

View More Images Below

Common Name(s): Pitch Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus rigida

Distribution: Northeastern United States

Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 2 ft (.6 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .47, .55

Janka Hardness: 620 lbf (2,760 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 10,800 lbf/in2 (74.5 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,430,000 lbf/in2 (9.86 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 5,940 lbf/in2 (41.0 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 7.1%, Volumetric: 10.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.8

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white.

Grain/Texture: Straight grained with a medium texture.

Endgrain: Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast relatively high; tracheid diameter medium-large.

Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in decay resistance.

Workability: Overall, Pitch Pine works fairly well with most tools, though the resin can gum up tools and clog sandpaper. Pitch Pine glues and finishes well.

Odor: Has a distinct smell that is shared among most species in the Pinus genus.

Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Pitch Pine is sold and mixed interchangeably with other species as Southern Yellow Pine, which is widely available as a construction lumber for a modest price.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.

Common Uses: Southern Yellow Pine is used for heavy construction, such as: bridges, beams, poles, railroad ties, etc. It’s also used for making plywood, wood pulp, and veneers.

Comments: Although much more predominant in northern states, Pitch Pine is technically considered to be in the group of Southern Yellow Pines, (though it is a very minor species), and is found as far south as northern Georgia.

Related Species:

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures:

Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

Pitch Pine (sanded)

Pitch Pine (sealed)

Pitch Pine (sealed)

Pitch Pine (endgrain)

Pitch Pine (endgrain)

Pitch Pine (endgrain 10x)

Pitch Pine (endgrain 10x)