Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

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Common Name(s): Russian Olive

Scientific Name: Elaeagnus angustifolia

Distribution: Native to eastern Europe and western and central Asia; naturalized throughout North America

Tree Size: 20-35 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1 ft (.3 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 43 lbs/ft3 (685 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .55, .69

Janka Hardness: 1,240 lbf (5,530 N)*

*Estimated hardness based upon specific gravity

Modulus of Rupture: No data available

Elastic Modulus: No data available

Crushing Strength: No data available

Shrinkage:No data available

Color/Appearance: Color ranges from a light yellowish-brown to a darker golden brown, sometimes with a greenish hue. Sapwood a much lighter yellow-white.

Grain/Texture: Unlike true Olive (Olea genus), Russian Olive is very porous and of an uneven grain texture.

Endgrain: Ring-porous; 5-10 rows of medium earlywood pores, exclusively solitary latewood pores grading from medium to very small; growth rings distinct; rays visible without lens; parenchyma not visible with hand lens.

Rot Resistance: No data available.

Workability: No data available.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: There have been no adverse health effects associated with Russian Olive. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Russian Olive tends to be a very small tree, with a highly branching form that is not conducive to large or straight logs. Wood is limited to small-scale and hobbyist uses. Being a fairly common and fast-growing tree, prices should be moderate.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Knife scales, bowls, pens, and other small woodturning projects.

Comments: Considered to be an invasive species in the United States, Russian Olive is not closely related to the wood that is commonly referred to as Olivewood (Olea europaea).

Related Species:

None available.

Related Articles:

Scans/Pictures:

Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

Russian Olive (sanded)

Russian Olive (sealed)

Russian Olive (sealed)

Russian Olive (endgrain)

Russian Olive (endgrain)

Russian Olive (endgrain 10x)

Russian Olive (endgrain 10x)