Common Name(s): Lilac
Scientific Name: Syringa spp. (Syringa vulgaris)
Distribution: Native to Europe and Asia; cultivated in many temperate areas worldwide
Tree Size: 6-25 ft (2-8 m) tall, 4-8 in (10-20 cm) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 59 lbs/ft3 (945 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .74, .95
Janka Hardness: 2,350 lbf (10,440 N)*
*Estimated hardness based on specific gravity
Modulus of Rupture: No data available
Elastic Modulus: No data available
Crushing Strength: No data available
Shrinkage: Tangential shrinkage is in excess of 10%; reported to have a high level of shrinkage
Color/Appearance: Colors can be variable depending on species. Sometimes seen with reddish or lavender color streaks throughout the heartwood.
Grain/Texture: Slightly interlocked grain, with a very fine texture. Good natural luster.
Endgrain: Semi-ring-porous; small to medium earlywood pores and small latewood pores, very numerous; pores can sometimes be exclusively solitary, or a mix of solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; growth rings usually distinct; narrow rays not visible without lens, spacing fairly close; parenchyma absent.
Rot Resistance: No official reports available.
Workability: Reported to be an excellent turning wood. Tends to distort and develop end-checks during drying.
Odor: Lilac has a distinct, floral scent when being worked.
Pricing/Availability: Due to its small size (typically only a shrub or bush), Lilac is not considered a woodworking lumber, and is never commercially harvested. Small pieces may be occasionally available from through hobbyist and other small-scale channels.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Occasionally used for small turned projects such as pens and bowls, as well as carved items.