Common Name(s): Beli
Scientific Name: Julbernardia pellegriniana
Distribution: Africa (Cameroon, Gabon)
Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 48 lbs/ft3 (770 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .77
Janka Hardness: 1,480 lbf (6,580 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 19,540 lbf/in2 (134.8 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 2,334,000 lbf/in2 (16.09 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 9,740 lbf/in2 (67.2 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.4%, Tangential: 9.2%, Volumetric: 13.7%, T/R Ratio: 2.1
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light brown, commonly with alternating darker stripes throughout. Quartersawn sections in particular exhibit a Zebrawood-like appearance. Wide sapwood is a pale yellow and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood, and lacks the darker stripes.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually interlocked, with a uniform medium to coarse texture. Moderate natural luster.
Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; very large pores in no specific arrangement, very few; heartwood mineral/gum deposits occasionally present; parenchyma lozenge, confluent, and marginal; narrow rays, spacing close.
Rot Resistance: Rated as moderately durable, with moderate resistance to insect attack.
Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though tearout can occur on sections with interlocked grain. Beli is considered to be somewhat unstable in service, with high movement. The wood will also react with ferrous metals, developing stains and discolorations when in contact with iron. Glues and finishes well.
Odor: No characteristic odor.
Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Beli. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
Pricing/Availability: Native to Africa, Beli is not commonly exported. Beli is sometimes available as veneer or dimensional lumber; expect prices to be in the mid to upper range for an imported hardwood.
Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common Uses: Cabinetry, veneer, flooring, and interior millwork.
Comments: A more economical (though much more uncommon) substitute for Zebrawood. Beli usually lacks the contrast between dark and light portions that are seen on Zebrawood, Black and White Ebony, and spalted woods.